00:0e.1 Audio device: nVidia Corporation MCP55 High Definition Audio (rev a2)
means you have HDA audio (Intel HDA at that) and it is very probable that the standard solution
for all kinds of problems with HDA works
You change model to what ever you have or auto or some more exotic model like in this topic
You may have to try many different "models" to get it to work - brand or model ...
Note the link to a post in the Ubuntu forums for a list of "models"
Some player may not "see" the sound card because of some misconfiguration