All right, let's have another crack at this.
Where you're seeing the failure ( /usr/lib/cups/filter/foomatic-rip ) is actually a link to the foomatic-rip file in /usr/bin.
Navigate to /usr/lib/cups/filter. Double click the Computer icon on the Desktop, Click on File System, then follow the path laid out.
Once in the Filter folder, right click on foomatic-rip, then click on Properties. Under Permissions, see if the "Allow executing file as program" is X'd. If -not-, close out that box, then hit the back arrow once. Right click on the folder Filter, and open as Administrator. Right click on foomatic-rip, click on Properties, click on Permissions tab, and X the box allowing it to run as a program. Make sure that the permissions are set to Owner-root / read and write, and Group-root / read-only, then click Close.
Also may want to check that the foomatic-rip file in /usr/bin is X'd as allowing to execute as a program, with the same Permissions listed above.
Looking at my system, I have the following foomatic packages installed; foomatic-filters-ppds, foomatic-db-engine, foomatic-db, and foomatic-filters. If you do not have one or any of these, install, or reinstall those and see if it helps.
I'm by no means a Linux expert, and am probably closer to a half step above a newbie, but the male side of my family has a dominant Stubborn gene which sometimes comes in handy.
We'll find an answer one way or another.