I'm not able to reproduce that view. Is it even Caja? Caja settings are I believe stored in GSettings now, and I don't know of a way to reset these. I'm not even sure where in your home folder is the file that has these settings. Perhaps somebody will know how to reset Caja to default view, without having to create a new user account (which is all I can come up with now, as even deleting the folders like .config/caja and .config/dconf don't reset Caja to its default view).
All that said, I can restore Caja to its default view by toggling options in its View menu. Below a screenshot of the worst I could make Caja look, almost matching your view though I have "Go Bookmarks" menu options where you have "Places" instead. If I enable the Main Toolbar, Side Pane, Location Bar and Status Bar, I'm back to normal view. Included the contents of my View menu for you to compare to yours.