HowTo install Qiana KDE on a Linux multiboot system

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HowTo install Qiana KDE on a Linux multiboot system

Postby seeley on Mon Jun 23, 2014 9:03 am

Subject is:
"HowTo install Qiana KDE on a Linux multiboot system"
but many steps are matching if you install Qiana as single Mint.


Important differences:
1. The partitions cuold be primary or a mix of primary / logical - depends on your wishes.
2. Boot Loader target: Master Boot Record of the first hard disk (MBR, e.g. /dev/sda).

For questions, please open an own thread and attach a screenshot of KDE Partition Manager (or GParted for other editions)!

P r e f a c e

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This document is provided as is - without warranty. Use it at your own risk.
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All programs and commands tested -
---------------------------------
Exceptions mentioned!
---------------------------------


Preliminary note

My Hardware:

Code: Select all
sudo lshw


Code: Select all
BIOS vendor: American Megatrends Inc.
memory: size: 4GiB                                                                                                                                                                             
CPU: Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-2450M
SSD: ATA Disk product: M4-CT256M4SSD2
...


WiFi up to 1 MB/s

My partition table is no exemplar;
I tested many dsitributions and file systems, places where to place swap,...
thus out of order, but never a problem.

Code: Select all
seeley@seeley-Q:~ > sudo parted -l print


Code: Select all
Disk /dev/sda: 256GB

Number  Start   End     Size    Type      File system     
 1               
 2      211MB   6653MB  6442MB  primary   linux-swap(v1)   swap
 3      6653MB  38,9GB  32,2GB  primary   fat32         DATA   
 4      38,9GB  241GB   202GB   extended
13      209GB   217GB   8590MB  logical   ext4         homeQKDE
17      228GB   241GB   12,9GB  logical   ext4         rootQKDE

I recommend the following partitions:
root, home, swap, DATA and if you want to choose XFS or BTRF as file system, an own boot (up to 256 MB).
Size of partitions depends on your hardware and wishes, 2 suggestions: root > 12 GB, swap = 1,5 * RAM.
Where you establish your swap is irrelevant.

If you want to install a fresh Linux multiboot, I recommend to choose 3 primary partitions as root partitions for 3 Linux distributions,
partition number 4 as EXTENDED and within that partition several logical partitions: swap, DATA, home1,...

In my case, MAYA and Petra were installed before and I formatted 2 logical partitions (/dev/sda17: root and sda13: home);
the boot loader Grub2 therefore has to be installed in the PBR of Qiana, that means in the root partition /dev/sda17.

But warning! In the following cases, Grub must be installed in a different place:
> First Linux to install: in MBR of the first hd / SSD
> Multiboot and File system XFS or BTRFS: in an own boot partition.

My Installation process:
Language
Wireless
Prepare
Disk setup
Timezone
Keyboard
User Info
Install

2 notes on the installer:
1. The wrong keyboard could be a problem, so it would be better if you were able to earlier choose it (in some distributions you can choose it at boot time of the live medium).
2. The real installtion took 6 (!) minutes (partitions prepared with GParted), thus there is no need for an early "install now".
Why there is no summary before installation starts. Unsure users could ask if everything is okay - attaching a screenshot (see other distris).

Let's begin with the Disk Setup

snapshot1.png
Disk Setup


I don't recommend installation type Guided, because I don't trust any automatism.
I always choose Manual (or similar).

snapshot3.png
Prepare partitions




snapshot5.png
Editing home partition



Please: no comments here; if you have questions, open an own thread!

Will be continued!
Last edited by seeley on Sun Jun 29, 2014 11:45 am, edited 3 times in total.
seeley @ Linux multiboot
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Re: HowTo install Qiana KDE on a Linux multiboot system

Postby seeley on Mon Jun 23, 2014 10:33 am

Next steps:

If you want / need a DATA partition (e.g., formatted as FAT32 or NTFS, here.: fat32):

snapshot8.png
DATA partition


Last look before installing:

snapshot11.png
Overview: main partitions and boot loader


Warning: Choosing "install now" - in an unusual manner - is starting installation without an additional warning!
seeley @ Linux multiboot
Maya MATE Cinnamon , Qiana Cin., Qiana KDE
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Re: HowTo install Qiana KDE on a Linux multiboot system

Postby seeley on Mon Jun 23, 2014 10:44 am

While copying files you must choose your keyboard layout

snapshot12.png
Keyboard


and specify user

snapshot14.png
User


Last window:

snapshot16.png
Continue or Restart?


Th installtion (from "install now" to that window only took 6 minutes (record!).


Reboot to the first installed Linux (here: MAYA), running
Code: Select all
sudo update-grub


to find the new OS.

Code: Select all
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-63-generic (= Maya)
...
Found Linux Mint 16 Petra (16) on /dev/sda16
Found Linux Mint 17 Qiana (17) on /dev/sda17
done


Booting to Qiana:

Updates were offered:
1. mint-update (version 4.6.7)
2. 368 updates, 232 MB
3, 22 updates, 74 MB

KDE Partition Manager shows:
1. The installer deleted the label of my root partition,
2. root partition size only is 5,1 GiB
3. The label of my home partition (homeQKDE) was not deleted

Please: no comments here; if you have questions, open an own thread!
seeley @ Linux multiboot
Maya MATE Cinnamon , Qiana Cin., Qiana KDE
Quickly get help
Wie schnelle Hilfe erhalten
User avatar
seeley
Level 7
Level 7
 
Posts: 1524
Joined: Sun Mar 07, 2010 7:20 am


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