This is probably the easiest and- fastest way to make a bootable Linux Mint Live-CD on your USB-stick. All done from the Mint Live-CD itself.
You will need at least a 1Gb empty USB-stick that is preformatted with FAT (most USB-sticks you buy are already formatted in this way). If you have a empty FAT-formatted USB-stick you can skip step 2 in this guide. If you have some old files on your USB-stick you need to get rid of first it is ok, just follow this guide.
(You should not need to reformat your USB-stick, so I leave that description in this guide. Otherwise you can use the fdisk command and mkdosfs -Vfat).
1. Boot your computer with Linux Mint Live-CD - Daryna 4.0.
(If your are using Celena it will work too, but it differs in the way you shall install syslinux.I explain that further down in this guide).
Insert your USB-stick to your computer. Linux Mint will automatically detect it and open a Nautilus window.
2. Prepare your USB-stick for installation:
If you are having files lying around you will need to delete them first. In the Nautilus window:
Open the menu View - show hidden files. This will list all files you have on your USB-stick.
Open Daryna - Terminal. Type:
sudo rm -r /media/disk/filename (filename=the name of the file you have listed in Nautilus). This will remove your listed file and you need to do this until you have no files left on your USB-stick. When done you can leave the Terminal open.
3. Copy necessary files from your CD-rom:
Open computer-filesystem-cdrom. Menu-View-hidden files. You should now be able to see all the files on your CD-rom: .disk,casper,isolinux,.disc_id,md5sum.txt.
Select all - copy and paste all the files to your USB-stick in the Nautilus window (this may take a couple of minutes).
4. Make some changes on your USB-stick:
In Terminal type:
sudo mv /media/disk/casper/vmlinuz /media/disk
sudo mv /media/disk/casper/initrd.gz /media/disk
sudo mv /media/disk/isolinux/isolinux.cfg /media/disk
These commands will move vmlinuz,initrd.gz and isolinux.cfg to the root of your USB-stick.
5. Prepare syslinux.cfg for boot:
In Nautilus - rightclick on the file isolinux.cfg and open with texteditor. Change the text in it to look like this (this is all you need):
append file=preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper initrd=initrd.gz ramdisk_size=1048576 root=/dev/ram rw quiet splash --
When done Save as... syslinux.cfg
6. Install syslinux to your Live-CD (Daryna):
In terminal type:
sudo apt-get install syslinux
Installation starts and you will be prompted to answer Y/n. Answer y.
When done you can install syslinux to your USB-stick. Type:
syslinux /dev/sda1 (sda1 can differ in your machine. Can be sdb1 or similar).
If you are using Celena then click Celena - Install software. Edit - search - syslinux. Mark for installation - rightclick on the row - Mark recommended for installation - Mtools - apply - to be installed - apply. Close the window when finished.
Then you can make the syslinux /dev/sda1 in Terminal.
That is all to it. Now you should be able to boot from your USB-stick (You must of course make your BIOS to boot from USB). To restart you can type: