I have been using OpenSuSE Linux for quite a while, now, but am a newbie to Linux Mint (and Gnome, for that matter). So far, I'm absolutely loving it. I've never been a big fan of Gnome, but Mint seems to have got it absolutely right.
It took me three tries to get Linux Mint successfully installed on my computer. The first time, I tried setting up my installation with / mounted on a fresh 10 gig partition and /home mounted on the same large partition (276 gigs) I use as my home mountpoint in OpenSuSE 11.0. When I saved the partition information, I was confronted with a message that said one or more of my partitions had a feature enabled that wasn't supported, and that I should go back and fix it. I went back and tried to see if there was anything I could fix, and even restarted my computer, booting into a GPartEd live disc, telling it to fix the partition.
Regardless, when I tried again, it still gave me that message, so I decided to try the installation anyway. After seemingly successfully completing the installation, I rebooted into Mint, and came to an initramfs CLI. After a few tries, I was able to find out that it said it couldn't mount /dev/sdb4 (which is the fresh partition I created just for Linux Mint).
I decided to reinstall Mint. This time, I didn't specify a separate /home mountpoint. I just used the 10 gig partition for the whole Mint installation. However, this time, I decided to try to set a /windows mountpoint for my main Vista drive (which is a partition on a separate hard drive). I went ahead with the install, this time not getting any errors at all, and finished up. When I rebooted, I came back to the initramfs interface. I got the same error about /dev/sdb4 again.
Finally, I reinstalled without choosing any additional mountpoints during my partition setup. I just installed Mint on the 10 gig partition without trying to mount anything extra.
This time, the install worked fine and I was able to boot Mint after a restart.
However, I would like to attempt to at least add my Windows drive to my /etc/fstab file, if possible. Unfortunately, I can't seem to figure out how Mint identifies that drive before I mount it manually.
So, finally onto my question:
How can I get a list of the available devices that I can mount? I need to know what the location of the device is so that I can add it to my fstab. I just can't figure out how to get that list.
Can anyone provide me with the command I need to figure out what the device name is for my Windows drive? I thought it would be /dev/sda1 or /dev/sda2, but when I try to mount those locations to /mnt/windows/C, I get errors. Attempting to mount /dev/sda1 gives me the error "Not a directory" and /dev/sda2 gives me "Special device /dev/sda2 does not exist".
Any help would be greatly appreciated.
If I finally get the appropriate location that I want to mount, and it ends up causing an error that kicks me out to initramfs next time I reboot, is there a way I can edit my /etc/fstab file to remove the mount I plan to add?
Also, does anyone happen to know what might have been causing my initial installation problems?