The drive I want to add is not empty; there is about 20 Gb of files on it that I want to keep and have access to from my Linux computer. Obviously, then, formatting it is not an option. There are no Linux files on this drive.
When the bios settings recognised this dirive as the first drive in order, the boot up was the Windows98 version. It, of course, fails and the computer shuts down. After I change the hard drive order so that my SATA Linux drive is number one and the Maxtor (windows98) drive is second, the Linux boot process occurs but fails after the 5th step as I described previously.
I just tried the Live CD boot and it worked successfully to boot to the desktop and recognised the Maxtor drive. Something I never remembered until I opened the directory is that the Maxtor (windows98) disk has 2 partitions on it so that the Linux directory displayed 3 drives: Linux, disk, and disk-1. The 2nd & 3rd disks are the 2 partitions from the Maxtor drive. When this disk was installed on my old windows computer, the drives were identified as "C" and "D". I didn't do anything with "disk" and "disk-1" other than to browse the contents to confirm that they were being read accurately. And they were.
When I tried to re-boot again from the hard disk, the boot process failed in the exactly the same way as it always has when the Maxtor drive has the power plug connected.
The Live CD test tells me that there are no connection problems; instead, from the hard disk, a problem occurs trying to recognise the Maxtor drive. Could the 2 partitions on this drive be the source of the problem? If the live CD boot can recognise the 2 partitions easily, why can't the hard disk boot? Could some Bios setting on the hard disk be interfering? The only changes I've made are: disable NumLock, Boot Device Priority to Hard Disk Drive, Hard Drive order to SATA drive (my Linux hard disk).
In the Advanced Drive Configuration, SATA Port 0 is the Linux drive, port 1 is the DVD/CD-ROM, ports 2 & 3 are not installed and inaccessible, even when the Maxtor drive is connected.
I'm giving you this information because it may contain some clue to the problem. I, personally, have no idea whether or not it does. The success of the LiveCD boot is good. Hopefully, you will have some thoughts how to get the same from the hard disk drive.