I just read that tutorial from the link you gave me and I am as confused as I was before reading it
First of all, how do I identify the correct partition to put Linux on? If you remember, I told you that I specifically prepared (erased everything on it and formatted) one of the 5 partitions of my HDD so I can install Linux onto it.
Now, that 50+ GB partition that I prepared for Linux alone, is labeled F under Windows and it's the fourth one from top to bottom as it appears in windows explorer. Now, since Linux has its own weird way of labeling partitions (like sda, or sb1, sd1, or whatever it calls them) and since partition sizes are also different from as they appear in Windows, does Linux at least present them in the exact same order as Windows does?
Cause if it does show them in the exact order that Windows displays them, then everything is OK and easy to figure out. But if it doesn't show them in the exact order.... well, I will need some tips on how to detect the partition I created for Linux, specifically.
Supposing that somehow I manage to identify the right partition for installing Linux onto do I still need to format it under Linux, as well? Or is the formatting I made in Windows enough?
Then, on to the next issue:
what do all these options that I'll mention below mean, and which one do I pick for my partitions?
The options I am talking about are: ext4 journaling something, ext3 journaling something, ext2, FAT16, FAT32, NTFS, and probably 2-3 more others.
Now, I don't remember what exactly I clicked on to find these options but I had to pick one of them (either to format a partition, or to rename that partition, or whatever) in order to proceed further. I wouldn't really inquire about these but if I am not wrong I wasn't allowed to continue installing Linux until I picked one of these. And since I have no idea what they mean and what they refer to, well.... I need to ask here
Then, something else that I need to know:
I want everything (programs, music, games, movies, downloads, etc.) that I will install on my computer under Linux (including Linux itself) to be put on the same partition.
But, reading that tutorial on the link you gave earlier I noticed that a Linux installation has each component (system, home, etc) installed onto separate partitions. But, since I only have one partition that I can use for Linux (and everything else - games, movies, programs, etc - that I put under it) I would like to know if it's possible to crowd everything on the same partition. And if it's possible is there any special setting or something that I need to tick/alter/whatever during or before installing Linux in order to achieve this? Or will everything that I install later on be put on the same partition as Linux? Or can I at least chose which partition to instal on?
Next, the swap file:
Reading the tutorial on the same link that I am talking about in this post, I saw a certain swap file being mentioned there. Well, I didn't find anything about this file at my first attempt to install Linux but I will probably come across it when I progress further with the installation process. So my questions are:
What's that swap file and what does it do? How much space should I allocate to it (if any at all)?
I need to know these because as I said before I only have one partition to spare for everything that is Linux included, even for the swap file
So, can that swap file be put on the same partition as everything else that has to do with Linux? Or does it need its own separate partition? If it can be put on the same partition (which is pretty large at 50+ GB considering that the recommended space needed for Linux to function properly is 5-6 GB), then it's fine and I will jam it on that same partition along with all other files.
But If I can't put it on the same partition as Linux and together with the music, games, etc., then this might be a problem
Will it at least not interfere with the Windows files and programs installed under Windows should I allocate the swap file a different partition than the one with Linux on it?
Well, there might be more questions but for now these are enough to see how to make a fresh Linux installation and dual boot along with Windows, and without compromising all the other partitions and data on my disk.
And speaking of partitions, I also forgot to ask if formatting/renaming/or whatever, in other words preparing a partition for Linux FROM WITHIN the Linux installation manager WITHOUT touching the other partitions if will make my entire HDD inaccessible/inoperable.
Sorry if these questions seem weird or stupid to you guys and gals. but for me are important because I don't want to lose all the data on my hard disk just because I didn't pay attention to a minor detail. I can't even create a backup of the disk, as I don't have another one of the same size (or even 2 or more of smaller sizes so I can save everything to those disks). If I could do this I would play with the installation myself and wouldn't bug you with such questions. I hope you will understand why I need to know all these things, especially that I only used Windows so far
Anyway, that would be all for now.... No, wait! There is one more thing
The drivers: where do I find them? Assuming that I manage to install Linux correctly from the first go, will I still need to install the drivers for my hardware components as I do for Windows, or will they just work without any drivers? If I need the drivers, where do I find them? Unfortunately none of the discs I got when I bought the computer came with drivers for Linux so that the motherboard, graphics card, the modem and everything else can work with Linux.
I will eventually search for the drivers on these components brands' websites but in case I won't find them there, where else can I get them from? I doubt that it's possible for the PC to function normally under Linux, without any drivers, although that would be really cool
But anyway, that's all for now. Please let me know everything that I asked about, so that I figure out how to deal with the new Linux terms and settings.