How to install software on Linux Mint

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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby Vergil on Thu Jul 03, 2014 9:09 am

Hi. I have a question regarding installation of binary files.

I am new to Linux. I'm running Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon 32bit. I wanted to install the Bitcoin Core wallet (bitcoin-qt). I added the PPA repository (add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin/bitcoin, apt-get update, apt-get install bitcoin-qt...) but when I went to install the program I got the following error "E: Unable to locate package bitcoin-qt" (I also tried variations like "bitcoin" instead of "bitcoin-qt" etc. It wasn't the name. Even using Software Manager, the source had the bitcoin PPA enabled but any search for something to do with bitcoin didn't pop up any relevant results).
A few forum posts suggested that it's because there is no longer support for 32bit (which is true for Mac, but apparently not for Linux. Maybe the PPA doesn't support 32 bit). So in a last ditch attempt, I decided to try and install from the tar.gz file. That file apparently had 2 folders in it: bin and src, the src folder having its own tarball with the source code. The bin folder had the binaries for both 32bit and 64bit in a folder for each type. So I went to the 32 folder and opened the "bitcoin-qt" file (p.s. not a *.bin file... it had no extention, but I believe that's irrelevant since it was in the bin folder, must have been a binary file type). The first time I ran it, a window came up asking where I want to create the relevant data files (felt like an installation file from that point of view), so I put it in /home/.Bitcoin and then the bitcoin wallet opened up and started syncing. I preferred just running the binary rather than going to the source code and go through the whole ./configure, make, sudo make install...

All well and good. It works, I'm happy. I also moved the binary file to /home/ and deleted the tarball because I didn't need it anymore and everything still works. Running the program isn't the issue as long as I keep going back to the bitcoin-qt binary file. But the thing is, it doesn't feel like it's "installed". There's no link in the menu. Each time I want to open it I have to run this bin file, and when I do it opens a window which says it's an unknown file type and asks me if I want to make an executable and run it. Again, no problem, I say yes, it opens and runs fine. But how do I install it? ~$ chmod +x bitcoin-qt doesn't do anything different from that point of view. Am I making a distinction that's not actually to be made? Is it installed already but because I didn't use Software Manager it's not in the menu and there's nothing to do about that?

Thanks for any advice. Sorry for the long question.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby xenopeek on Thu Jul 03, 2014 11:42 am

Looking at the PPA packages for Linux Mint 17 ("trusty" series), you can see indeed there are no 32 bit (i386) packages.

Using it as you are doing is just like on Windows; you've download a random executable file and dropped in somewhere on your desktop and are running it from there. That's indeed not installing in the sense that your package manager doesn't know of the existence of this program being installed, nor of what files it installed where, and so can't help you in any way (your package manager is the one fetching updates for installed programs, ensuring no packages get deleted that are needed by others, that you don't accidentally install an older version of some package but only never ones, and that if you remove the package all the associated system files--never user files--are removed).

I wouldn't bother with trying to "install" it. Just right-click your menu, choose to edit it, and add an launcher for this program to your menu yourself. As for the question you get when opening it, I suggest you make a new topic and ask for help with that.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby Spearmint2 on Thu Jul 03, 2014 1:26 pm

http://askubuntu.com/questions/376291/c ... utside-the

up vote 1 down vote


If you are looking to control your source-code-installation through Synaptic Manager or Ubuntu Software Center (to ease the process of uninstall), you can try

./configure
make
sudo checkinstall

which creates a .deb package. This is can be installed using Ubuntu Software Center.


https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CheckInstall

http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/usi ... ges-source

http://community.linuxmint.com/software ... -essential

viewtopic.php?f=18&t=9234

https://wiki.debian.org/IntroDebianPackaging
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby Vergil on Fri Jul 04, 2014 10:40 am

Thanks so much for the clarification, xenopeek. By the way, configuring the menu to add a link to the file resolved the issue of the message that pops up (make executable and run). It just runs it with no message. 2 birds, eh?
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby cyberschelm on Sat Jul 12, 2014 8:11 pm

Hello,

Thanks for this cool install manual.

There is one install method not covered tho, the one I've had most of my problems with over the last 6 months, and that is installing with git for software like sickbeard, couchpotato, headphones and spotweb. These programs were one of the main reasons for me to switch to linux.

I managed to get them all running, took me bout 2 months to learn how and involved a bunch of fresh installs when I messed up putting the scripts in order. But I still don't have proper insight on the structures regarding git install.

Would love to see a guide on that topic.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby lxroguexl on Tue Dec 16, 2014 3:51 am

i get this when i try to install a msi file. Installing mime type handlers isn't supported

To search and install software which can open certain file types you have to install app-install-data.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby Spearmint2 on Wed Dec 17, 2014 10:42 pm

msi files are for windows installer. Trying to install that in Linux would be like trying to install a deb or rpm package into windows.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby mehimu on Fri Dec 26, 2014 12:36 am

Thanks for this discussion, i was also in trouble for installing software, so i was surfing in the internet about the solution, and landing here. Thanks for this post.
I am learning linux and computer networking more and more. I've a blog related to computer networking. If you are interested may visit there. Thanks
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby Etorg on Tue Mar 03, 2015 6:08 pm

Thank you for posting this information. I'm fresh into Linux Mint 17, upon the death of WinXP. This was good source for new terms for the newbie...whodathunkit... .deb is a debian file format...lol.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby FranklynA on Wed Apr 08, 2015 5:50 pm

Start>Synaptic Package Manager (You may be asked to enter your password to use SPM).
Look for what you want first in "Installed". This will give you a list of all currently installed Apps & an explanation of each.
If you do not find it. Hit "Not Installed". This will show you a list of all currently available Apps & an explanation of each.
If you want to install one of these Apps - Check its box>Mark for Installation>Apply.
Easy as that !!

If you can't find what you want anywhere using SPM, you can find the App elsewhere & download it as a tarball (.tar). You will then have save it in a Directory, extract it & install it using a Terminal.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby FanOfLinux on Mon Jun 08, 2015 10:18 am

>>.
Install a .deb package: .deb files are like .exe files on Windows. You download them from the Internet yourself, and they install in just a few clicks. To install the package either double-click it, or right-click on it and choose "Open With GDebi Package Installer". Enter your password if prompted. The rest should be automatic.


I have the following scenario:
At first time using a new software, I download from site the latest or desired release.
Say I use the .deb package.

Questions:
1) If installation using .deb package (and this package does not exists in Software Manager),
does it show up in Software Manager after install?
If not, how do I undo the installation?

2) Say the existing package in LM 17 is two or three releases ahead of my current package.
How do I update to latest or desired release (say one release behind the latest release) after the above installation?

3) If package in Software manager is several releases behind latest release,
how do I install with a newer release ( not necessary the latest release ) from within Software Manager?
[It does not look like this can be done. ?? ]

4) For installation outside software manager, does it show up in update manager?
If not, how do I enable it to show up in update manager?


Thank you.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby xenopeek on Mon Jun 08, 2015 11:51 am

1) Yes if you install a .deb package it shows up in Software Manager. So you can easily uninstall it from there.

2) If you have manually installed some package from a .deb file and a newer version of that package is available from the Linux Mint repositories, Update Manager will show this to you in the list of candidate packages for upgrading.

3) You would need to add an additional repository to your system, one that has the newer release of the package you desire. Most often you can find these repositories as a PPA (Personal Package Archive) from the developers. You can add a PPA to your system by finding it (google "PPA <packagename>"), confirming it supports the Ubuntu release your Linux Mint version uses as a package base (noted here: http://www.linuxmint.com/download_all.php), confirming it has the release you desire, and then copying the PPA string from the page (like "ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager" from https://launchpad.net/~webupd8team/+arc ... pa-manager) and adding it on the PPA tab in Software Sources (find it in your menu).

4) I believe that's questions 1 and 2 combined, see answers above.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby FanOfLinux on Mon Jun 08, 2015 12:57 pm

Thanks.
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Re: How to install software on Linux Mint

Postby mehimu on Sat Jun 13, 2015 10:22 pm

Many many thanks, i'll apply this step, when i'll install the new software. Thanks again.
I am learning linux and computer networking more and more. I've a blog related to computer networking. If you are interested may visit there. Thanks
myitzn.blogspot.com
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