Hi. I have a question regarding installation of binary files.
I am new to Linux. I'm running Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon 32bit. I wanted to install the Bitcoin Core wallet (bitcoin-qt). I added the PPA repository (add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin/bitcoin, apt-get update, apt-get install bitcoin-qt...) but when I went to install the program I got the following error "E: Unable to locate package bitcoin-qt" (I also tried variations like "bitcoin" instead of "bitcoin-qt" etc. It wasn't the name. Even using Software Manager, the source had the bitcoin PPA enabled but any search for something to do with bitcoin didn't pop up any relevant results).
A few forum posts suggested that it's because there is no longer support for 32bit (which is true for Mac, but apparently not for Linux. Maybe the PPA doesn't support 32 bit). So in a last ditch attempt, I decided to try and install from the tar.gz file. That file apparently had 2 folders in it: bin and src, the src folder having its own tarball with the source code. The bin folder had the binaries for both 32bit and 64bit in a folder for each type. So I went to the 32 folder and opened the "bitcoin-qt" file (p.s. not a *.bin file... it had no extention, but I believe that's irrelevant since it was in the bin folder, must have been a binary file type). The first time I ran it, a window came up asking where I want to create the relevant data files (felt like an installation file from that point of view), so I put it in /home/.Bitcoin and then the bitcoin wallet opened up and started syncing. I preferred just running the binary rather than going to the source code and go through the whole ./configure, make, sudo make install...
All well and good. It works, I'm happy. I also moved the binary file to /home/ and deleted the tarball because I didn't need it anymore and everything still works. Running the program isn't the issue as long as I keep going back to the bitcoin-qt binary file. But the thing is, it doesn't feel like it's "installed". There's no link in the menu. Each time I want to open it I have to run this bin file, and when I do it opens a window which says it's an unknown file type and asks me if I want to make an executable and run it. Again, no problem, I say yes, it opens and runs fine. But how do I install it? ~$ chmod +x bitcoin-qt doesn't do anything different from that point of view. Am I making a distinction that's not actually to be made? Is it installed already but because I didn't use Software Manager it's not in the menu and there's nothing to do about that?
Thanks for any advice. Sorry for the long question.