Install Programs

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Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Thu Jun 06, 2013 4:47 pm

I cannot install programs on my newly installed Linux mint Xfce computer. For example, I tried installing emacs from: http://community.linuxmint.com/software/view/emacs. I also tried installing emacs, and the Midori browser using aptitude with a GUI and the commend line. Neither works. I am told that it is unable to fetch some archives. Trying to install midori from : http://midoribrowser.org/download/ gives me an error " Error: Dependency is not satisfiable: libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 (>= 2.22.0)".

The command line apt install emacs gives me the below. Can anyone help? I am new to Linux.

Thank you

Code: Select all
 Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  emacs22-bin-common emacs22-common emacs22-gtk
Suggested packages:
  emacs22-el
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  emacs emacs22-bin-common emacs22-common emacs22-gtk
0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 135 not upgraded.
Need to get 21.0MB of archives.
After this operation, 65.5MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? Y
WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!
  emacs22-common emacs22-bin-common emacs22-gtk emacs
Authentication warning overridden.
Err http://archive.ubuntu.com karmic-updates/main emacs22-common 22.2-0ubuntu6.1
  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Err http://archive.ubuntu.com karmic-updates/main emacs22-bin-common 22.2-0ubuntu6.1
  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Err http://archive.ubuntu.com karmic-updates/universe emacs22-gtk 22.2-0ubuntu6.1
  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Err http://archive.ubuntu.com karmic-updates/main emacs 23.1+1-4ubuntu2+22.2+0ubuntu6.1
  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Failed to fetch http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/e/emacs22/emacs22-common_22.2-0ubuntu6.1_all.deb  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Failed to fetch http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/e/emacs22/emacs22-bin-common_22.2-0ubuntu6.1_i386.deb  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Failed to fetch http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/e/emacs22/emacs22-gtk_22.2-0ubuntu6.1_i386.deb  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
Failed to fetch http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/e/emacs22/emacs_23.1+1-4ubuntu2+22.2+0ubuntu6.1_all.deb  404  Not Found [IP: 91.189.91.13 80]
E: Unable to fetch some archives, maybe run apt-get update or try with --fix-missing?
 
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Re: Install Programs

Postby igor83 on Thu Jun 06, 2013 10:05 pm

teroenza wrote:I cannot install programs on my newly installed Linux mint Xfce computer. For example, I tried installing emacs from: http://community.linuxmint.com/software/view/emacs. I also tried installing emacs, and the Midori browser using aptitude with a GUI and the commend line. Neither works. I am told that it is unable to fetch some archives. Trying to install midori from : http://midoribrowser.org/download/ gives me an error " Error: Dependency is not satisfiable: libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 (>= 2.22.0)".


Why are you accessing a Karmic (version=9) ubuntu repo with a newly installed (version=14) Linux Mint Xfce? Support for Karmic has ended, I believe, so that might explain the 404 errors. Did you change your software repositories in any way? Use the default software repositories and be cautious about adding new ones. The default ones are both safe and right for your version of Linux Mint. If you add new repos, then yes you may get some errors upon trying to update, depending on whether the repo exists / is reliable / is right (or wrong) for your version.
My desktop runs 64-bit Kubuntu 13.04, my htpc runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia Xfce, my answering machine runs 64-bit windows 7, and my laptop runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia KDE. Each seems suited to its purpose.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Fri Jun 07, 2013 10:00 am

I did not change anything intentionally. I've only used this install for a few days. How can I check if I got the latest build? I believe I downloaded "Xfce Community Edition Verrsion: Linux Mint 8 "Helena" Xfce" from http://www.linuxmint.com/download_ce.php. Is there a newer version I can just reinstall? Thank you for your reply.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby monkeyboy on Fri Jun 07, 2013 11:11 am

teroenza wrote:I did not change anything intentionally. I've only used this install for a few days. How can I check if I got the latest build? I believe I downloaded "Xfce Community Edition Verrsion: Linux Mint 8 "Helena" Xfce" from http://www.linuxmint.com/download_ce.php. Is there a newer version I can just reinstall? Thank you for your reply.


http://www.linuxmint.com/release.php?id=19
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Re: Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Fri Jun 07, 2013 11:16 am

I specifically got the Xfce version because I wanted to run it on an old centrino/512MB RAM machine. Does the link provided update the Xfce edition, or install the full version of mint?
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Re: Install Programs

Postby igor83 on Fri Jun 07, 2013 12:45 pm

teroenza wrote:I specifically got the Xfce version because I wanted to run it on an old centrino/512MB RAM machine. Does the link provided update the Xfce edition, or install the full version of mint?


Some people prefer old versions for old hardware. I'm not one of those people myself. I suggest going with as new as you can get. You are right to choose Xfce for your machine in my opinion. Xfce certainly has the low memory requirements. I even run it on my htpc with a modern Intel chip, a 630 I believe, because Xfce is not only fast and lean but actually rather nice to use, though without some bells and whistles. I especially appreciate the support of custom actions in the file manager, Thunar. And the mouse logo is cute.

I suggest you do nothing. Why? Because the latest version of Linux Mint Xfce may be released soon. Why not go with the latest? If you can, just wait until Linux Mint announces version 15 of Linux Mint Xfce. I imagine it will arrive sometime soon. I'm also expecting KDE version, but KDE may not be quite the thing for your machine. It is a more memory-and-resource-hungry desktop.

However if you need a system right away, if you can't wait a couple days or weeks (?I don't know when), then choose Linux Mint version 14, much more modern than your karmic version (9). Go here: http://www.linuxmint.com/release.php?id=19

You see, version 14 is still supported until April 2014, and that is a good thing for when you want to install apps from the repo's. You won't be getting those 404 errors like you did with version 9.

Yes, Xfce 32-bit I think is the right choice for you. I use the 64-bit version today on my htpc and it gives no problems and boots up fast, too.

The link I provided above reinstalls Linux Mint. It does not update. I don't know about updating from one version to another, and I suggest you don't try. Just do a complete reinstall. That is the most problem-free approach.
My desktop runs 64-bit Kubuntu 13.04, my htpc runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia Xfce, my answering machine runs 64-bit windows 7, and my laptop runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia KDE. Each seems suited to its purpose.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Fri Jun 07, 2013 3:28 pm

Thank you very much. I completely missed seeing that Xfce version 14.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Fri Jun 07, 2013 4:17 pm

Sorry, but I am having trouble installing it. I got the Nadia, 14th ed., and mounted it with

mount -o loop ./mint.iso ./mnt/disk

after creating the mnt and disk folders and renaming the .iso "mint". I can see the files in the .iso, but when I click on "mint4win.exe" I get
Code: Select all
Archive:  /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe
[/home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe]
  End-of-central-directory signature not found.  Either this file is not
  a zipfile, or it constitutes one disk of a multi-part archive.  In the
  latter case the central directory and zipfile comment will be found on
  the last disk(s) of this archive.
note:  /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe may be a plain executable, not an archive
zipinfo:  cannot find zipfile directory in one of /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe or
          /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe.zip, and cannot find /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe.ZIP, period.

Am I doing somthing obvious wrong? Is this .exe expected to be run from a windows machine that is going to go over to mint?

Thank you
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Re: Install Programs

Postby igor83 on Fri Jun 07, 2013 11:51 pm

teroenza wrote:Sorry, but I am having trouble installing it. I got the Nadia, 14th ed., and mounted it with

mount -o loop ./mint.iso ./mnt/disk

after creating the mnt and disk folders and renaming the .iso "mint". I can see the files in the .iso, but when I click on "mint4win.exe" I get
Code: Select all
Archive:  /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe
[/home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe]
  End-of-central-directory signature not found.  Either this file is not
  a zipfile, or it constitutes one disk of a multi-part archive.  In the
  latter case the central directory and zipfile comment will be found on
  the last disk(s) of this archive.
note:  /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe may be a plain executable, not an archive
zipinfo:  cannot find zipfile directory in one of /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe or
          /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe.zip, and cannot find /home/joshua/Downloads/mnt/disk/mint4win.exe.ZIP, period.

Am I doing somthing obvious wrong? Is this .exe expected to be run from a windows machine that is going to go over to mint?

Thank you


I do not understand what you are doing. I never mess with the files in the .iso. I guess you could if you wanted to. Some people do.

To my understanding, the .iso file in the Linux Mint download is a source image file for burning a DVD. An .iso file is called a disk image. You can unpack it using an archive program and you can extract the files, say to a hard drive or even to a USB flash drive, and you can look at them and run them, but to my way of thinking, the main purpose of an .iso file is to burn a DVD.

You have to use a dvd burning program that will burn a disk image, an .iso file. Not all dvd burning programs will do that. For Windows, I use Infrarecorder. I suggest you use that because it is free software for Windows and does not contain spyware. It works in Windows XP and Windows 7 and probably other versions. I have used Infrarecorder for years and trust it 100%. I do not trust any other dvd burning programs in Windows, not a single one.

Now once you run Infrarecorder, click on the "Write Image" icon in the program, and Infrarecorder will prompt you for your .iso file. Then you can burn the Linux Mint 14 Xfce install dvd. Assuming you don't get any errors--you can then boot from the dvd and install Linux Mint. If you do get errors, possibly your .iso file is corrupt--consider torrenting the .iso file rather than downloading, because downloading a large file is subject to occasional errors. I used to download those things, but nowadays I only torrent them, because torrenting ensures an error-free file. Love it. Thank you, Ktorrent! Best torrent program in the world.

I just wipe out whatever is on the drive when I install a Linux distro. I do not dual boot any of my machines. I do not have a dual Windows / Linux environ. I have a separate Windows machine and three Linux machines. I like to keep things simple. I don't like problems. But I read about a lot of people, including very smart people, who do dual boot and who also do all kinds of wild and far-out things like virtual machine and running Linux from within Windows or running Windows from within Linux. That's what that mint4win you mentioned is all about, I believe. Never used it, myself.

If you're thinking about keeping Windows on your machine, then you will may choose to go the mint4win route OR you can dual boot. Actually when you install Linux Mint, it will give you the option of having dual boot. So even in this case, you should burn that dvd and then boot from the dvd.

Mint4win is a program that runs from windows, and I don't know what all it does. There are detailed instructions for that around here somewhere--search the forum and maybe the Community wiki. I don't know a thing about mint4win, but I think it gets good reviews. I can't really help much there.

The only reason I keep a Windows system around at all is just for compatibility with a couple programs that I don't feel I can live without-- 1. Call Clerk by Rob LaTour, my answering machine; and 2. ACDSee. But I also like other windows programs such as Notepad++, and some programs do actually work better on Windows. I was looking at Filezilla today and I noticed that Kubuntu 13.04 (latest version) is only offering version 3.6, whereas Windows has already moved on to 3.7. The Ubuntu Linux repo's don't really keep on top of app updates like they should. I guess they have their hands full just updating the distro itself without worrying about the apps. Also, I think they don't bother messing with app updates because they like to provide incentives for people to update Ubuntu itself to the latest version.
My desktop runs 64-bit Kubuntu 13.04, my htpc runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia Xfce, my answering machine runs 64-bit windows 7, and my laptop runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia KDE. Each seems suited to its purpose.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Sat Jun 08, 2013 6:17 pm

My intent in messing with the files in the .iso was to install it from the harddrive. My old laptop can't burn DVDs :-(.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby igor83 on Sun Jun 09, 2013 2:26 pm

teroenza wrote:My intent in messing with the files in the .iso was to install it from the harddrive. My old laptop can't burn DVDs :-(.


I'm out of my depth here. You know, external DVD burners are < $20 on e-bay. I have one that a client gave me for a $20 credit on some work I was doing. If you have a USB port then you might consider going that route. Of course you can extract the .iso onto the USB drive and possibly boot from that as well, if your laptop supports USB-booting or even has a USB port in the first place.

DVDs are heading for obsolescence, but not for a while yet. They remain useful for installing operating systems like Linux. I can't imagine having a laptop or desktop without a dvd reader at least, because otherwise you will have to install a Linux distro that does not use dvd. I don't know whether there is one. Several support USB-installs though, like OpenElec, which actually requires USB, last I heard.
My desktop runs 64-bit Kubuntu 13.04, my htpc runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia Xfce, my answering machine runs 64-bit windows 7, and my laptop runs 64-bit Linux Mint Nadia KDE. Each seems suited to its purpose.
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Re: Install Programs

Postby teroenza on Sun Jun 09, 2013 2:51 pm

Ok. I was just being lazy. Trying to save a DVD, or transferring the file to ao computer with a DVD burner.
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