HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

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seeley
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HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby seeley » Sat Jan 01, 2011 6:18 am

The LMDE installer is different from most other Linux installers (especially Mint Isadora and Julia).

Because you have to partition manually, I recommend the following:
i) Partitioning with GParted

Those who have questions or need help should open a new thread and advice us of the installed operating systems and post the output of

Code: Select all

sudo fdisk -l
- l like list -
and

Code: Select all

sudo parted -l print


ii) Installation with the new Debian installer

1. Boot from LMDE live medium
2. connect to the NET
3. opt. "add to panel": Root Terminal, gedit, Take Screenshot
4. double click on ICON "Install Linux Mint"
5. language: English (...)
6. timezone: ...
7. keyboard layout: Model + Layout (box to test)
8. LMDE Installer: select where you want to install LMDE:
! Don't choose "Edit partitions" [-> GParted is running] !
double click on partition (here /dev/sda8)
9. Edit partition: Mount as: "/" und Format as: "ext4"

Screenshot1.png
Screenshot1.png (32.3 KiB) Viewed 6837 times


A swap partition must be mounted as "swap"!

10. If you have prepared an own home partition: (sda9) Mount as: "/home" -> 2 possibilities:
a) Format as: "ext4" if new
b) do not format, if /home exists for another Linux
[shot2]
11. name, username, password, hostname
b) maybe another username as used in the already installed Linux
12. boot loader: default: x install GRUB and boot loader device /dev/sda = MBR first hard disk

Screenshot3.png
Screenshot3.png (19.5 KiB) Viewed 6837 times

Other possibilities:
install GRUB in the root partition (here sda8) or do not install GRUB (click in the "x" before Install GRUB)
13.review
a) boot loader in MBR - only one partition ("/)
b) boot loader in MBR and own formatted home partition

Screenshot6.png
Screenshot6.png (12.52 KiB) Viewed 6837 times

c) boot loader in root partition
d) no boot loader
14. Quit or Back or Install

The installer has a problem with SWAP -> reply 7, 28/01,10:53 am

For more screenshots see:
http://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=141&t=62603
Last edited by seeley on Thu Feb 03, 2011 2:29 pm, edited 6 times in total.
seeley @ Linux multiboot

malligt
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby malligt » Sat Jan 01, 2011 2:45 pm

Over the years, I found that there can be a great deal of personal preference when it comes to partitioning a hard drive....

A thought here:

A very nice and recent tutorial on "How To Partition Linux Mint Debian" (and dated December 28, 2010) can be found at this link:

http://www.linuxbsdos.com/2010/12/28/ma ... n-edition/

This should work well for most users...

darco
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby darco » Sat Jan 01, 2011 3:48 pm

I read in one of Husses How-to was to NOT format the root as ext4 but as ext2?......Is that still valid?

malligt
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby malligt » Sat Jan 01, 2011 4:27 pm

All I can say is that ext3, ext4, and brtfs are the journaling systems said to be supported by LMDE.

Full article here dated December 2010:

http://www.linuxbsdos.com/2010/12/29/li ... on-review/


From just googling "partitioning debian lenny", I found this (date not found) from debian.org stable information

For new users, personal Debian boxes, home systems, and other single-user setups, a single / partition (plus swap) is probably the easiest, simplest way to go. However, if your partition is larger than around 6GB, choose ext3 as your partition type. Ext2 partitions need periodic file system integrity checking, and this can cause delays during booting when the partition is large.

CiaW
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby CiaW » Sat Jan 01, 2011 6:45 pm

darco wrote:I read in one of Husses How-to was to NOT format the root as ext4 but as ext2?......Is that still valid?


No, I'm pretty sure you'd want to go with ext3 or 4. I have a shared data partition that's ext3 and my 2 lmde installs are ext4 (both 32 bit from Sept and a new amd64 install from last week...) I also have Fedora13 installed as ext4. Since RHEL 5 only has ext4 available as a 'preview' (but I think it's possibly 'default' in RHEL v6 just released in Nov), you might prefer ext3 but 4 should be fine too.

I did a bit of research on btrfs before I installed the 64bit, and decided not to use it. IF you want to use it, it is still considered experimental so make sure you do regular backups to some place that's not using btrfs. One of the big issues is that It doesn't yet have tools to do a filesystem check. There were also some messages on here from folks who tried to install using btrfs that didn't succeed until they selected ext3 or 4 I believe.

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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby randomizer » Sun Jan 02, 2011 1:23 am

seeley wrote:To all having problems to install Mint Debian 201012/ 32 bit and those who want to install LMDE/ 32 bit onto hard disk: Version 201101 is out

It's not out until it has been officially announced. The ISO could go through more respins yet. Clem has already said not to download it.

darco wrote:I read in one of Husses How-to was to NOT format the root as ext4 but as ext2?......Is that still valid?

I can understand why you might not want to format /boot as ext3 or ext4, but it should be fine for /. ext4 may still have been experimental when he wrote that, but I haven't read it to know what the date was when it was posted.

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seeley
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby seeley » Sun Jan 02, 2011 3:05 pm

Hi!
If a *.iso is available on heanet.ie I thought it would be freed for all users to download. Why not add a read.me or must.read?
seeley
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seeley
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby seeley » Fri Jan 28, 2011 5:53 am

How to verify if swap is active:


To see:
Menu / System Tools / System Monitor

ShotSystemMonitorKP.png
finished with Kolourpaint, available for KDE and Gnome
ShotSystemMonitorKP.png (42.34 KiB) Viewed 5910 times


If you see
0 bytes of 0 bytes
-> not active!

To activate for one session:
Menu / Administration / GParted

Partition > Swapon

ShotGPswapKP.png
ShotGPswapKP.png (28.33 KiB) Viewed 5909 times


Partition > Swapoff: deactivate

Terminal:

Code: Select all

swapon /dev/sdXY
- X device Y partition number - Example above: /dev/sda5

To activate after each reboot:

To edit /etc/fstab

Find out the UUID (Definition)

as root:

Code: Select all

sudo blkid

or

Code: Select all

ls -l /dev/disk/by-uuid
- lowercase "L" like list -

Comparison with the output of

Code: Select all

cat /etc/fstab

No match -> file fstab has to be edited with

Code: Select all

gksudo gedit /etc/fstab
seeley @ Linux multiboot

Mister.T
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Re: HOWTO install 201101 onto hard disk

Postby Mister.T » Mon Oct 03, 2011 4:25 pm

Thank you seeley. I had the issue of a non active swap and your solution works a treat :mrgreen:
LMDE2 and Mint 17.3
HP Pavilion 500-260ea
8Gb ram
AMD A10 6700 (3.7GHz) 4 core
Nvidia GTX 645


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