Got the same problem. I have LMDE 201303 installed on tow different systems with three printers, that are connected through USB. Neither of them is working. Working through the hints in this thread in forced the re installation of libgs9. This however had no effect, the same error message still persisted.
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gs: error while loading shared libraries: libgs.so.9: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
I could get rid of that problem by manually adding a link:
This will get rid of the error, but printing out on a USB connected printer still does not work. Printing to a PDF however works with this fix (was not possible before). I tested different methods of printing also from the console.
The problem "Option 'printer-resolution' has value '(unknown IPP tag)' and cannot be edited." could be resolved by forceably installing a newer version of python-cups, which however will break other things, when done in isolation.
Besides this thread I consulted these locations:
Changing debug to 1 in /etc/foomatic/filter.conf should store the generated *.ps file and a foomatic-rip.log file in the tmp directory. However I only get the PostScript file.
I was thinking about to use gutenprint instead, but have no idea how to configure it, so gutenprint is used.
Does anyone has any further ideas, what can be tried?