@killer de bug: Was there any misunderstanding? I don't think so. I've started this thread because I'm a very newbie to any linuxmint flavour at all! You as an expierenced user has adviced to me:
in my own words wrote:Don't waste time with upgrading from LMDE1. Just install LMDE2 from fresh.
And so I have done
Some weeks ago I began exploring the "linux mint way of doing things" with installing linuxmint-17.1-cinnamon-32bit
, just to evaluate which flavour will fit my needs best the next couple of years. I have even burned a DVD with LMDE1. One week later becomecs lmde-2-201503-mate-32bit-de-20150320-rc
available. I don't care this is called "only release canditate". My previous post
just records the differences between installing LMDE1 vs. LMDE2. So I will continue with some caveats: The checksum problem noted above was easy to fix on USB, the "graphical installation environment" (2b)
comes up as expected.
5. The localization was well done
, no more need to figure out where some keys are located on my german keyboard
But I encountered an unusual phenomen, at least for me: Switching from installation GUI on tty7 with Ctrl-Alt-F1 to console tty1 gives login prompt as usual. Entering user "mint" (no password) will start another GUI !? Ok, it's no problem switching back with Ctrl-Alt-F7. BTW I'm wondering about the usefullness of this feature during installation.
6. Since I want to install LMDE2 as an replacement
of cinnamon on /dev/sda1 but keep LMDE1 on /dev/sda3, I choose the "expert mode" I know from LMDE1. The commands for reference:
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# create new filesystem on selected partition
sudo mkfs -t ext4 /dev/sda1
# mouting the desired root filessystem
sudo mkdir /target
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /target
# adding the other partition(s) as needed:
sudo mkdir -p /target/media/opt
sudo mount /dev/sda3 /target/media/opt
# this can be /home as well but for now
sudo mkdir -p /target/media/user
sudo mount /dev/sda3 /target/media/user
7. Continuing the installation I've decided not to install GRUB
on /dev/sda, since there was one already. But see below! No problems occered at installing in the next step.
8. Now it's the time to
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sudo chroot /target
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
Don't forget to create your own appriopriate /etc/fstab:
my /etc/fstab wrote:
# UNCONFIGURED FSTAB FOR BASE SYSTEM
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
# 2015-03-21 lmde-2-201503-mate-32bit-de-20150320-rc
/dev/sda1 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/sda5 /media/user ext4 defaults 0 2
/dev/sda3 /media/opt ext4 defaults 0 2
Since this installathion is both on a dualboot and a replacement of one os it is important to notify the GRUB
about this change:
# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
And then updating will add the new entries:
BTW: I'm missing at rebooting a prompt saying "Please remove the USB-Stick an then enter" as the DVD has. Sometimes it is hard to select the new system at boot time.
9. Some personal comments
about lmde-2-201503-mate-32bit-de-20150320-rc. But remember: They should not prevent you using this nice operating system from now on!
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startpar: service(s) returned failure: plymouth ... failed
Just ignore this 'til the next update, but there are two remarkable points:
9.1 I don't use auto logon but the changing backgrounds at the login screen are slowing down
the maschine significantly: Typed keys appeared only with a remarkable delay.
9.2. Dialog windows are nearly unreadable
since they are greyed out in the center. Fix with (don't know the english names) with "Konfiguration: Fenster
" in tab "Allgemein
": Disable the so called option "Software-Compositing-Fensterverwaltung
". May be this is a side effect of the missing themes and will be fixed soon.
The new LMDE2 betsy is an operating system I like at once! Easy things go easy and difficult things are possible. Writing this two posts takes some more time as installing both LMDE1 and LMDE2 together. But this effort was useful to me for having all steps clued together. Hopefully this is useful for others, too.