Chroot How-to update for efi systems

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vidtek
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Chroot How-to update for efi systems

Post by vidtek » Wed Sep 06, 2017 4:46 am

In 2014 I did a simple tutorial for repairing grub2 boot failures using a chroot environment. here: viewtopic.php?f=42&t=175634&p=906962#p906962

and here:https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2289087

This is an update for more modern systems.

#### Boot to your live dvd/cd ensure the same architecture 32/64 bit is important .....From live dvd change root password (saves having to do sudo)

mint@mint ~ $ sudo passwd root
Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: password updated successfully
mint@mint ~ $ su
Password:

#### Get the device names for your efi and linux partition This is my setup, yours will be different.

mint mint # blkid
/dev/sda1: LABEL="SYSTEM" UUID="B60D-32FF" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" PARTUUID="6d09393a-d11d-4a7e-9638-566b2b7ec749" #### EFI partition
/dev/sda3: LABEL="w10" UUID="D006D1BA06D1A1B0" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="fdd8d8c1-3781-49ca-bfad-683f48c97353" #### my windows 10 partition
/dev/sdb1: LABEL="data" UUID="F2E89BB2E89B7397" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="1ce6123a-1742-4ca4-9b71-c495bca489af" #### my data partition
/dev/sdc1: LABEL="tv" UUID="6E66CE4866CE112F" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="d9118715-a532-4b4f-8ba0-01fe09c65398" #### my media partition
/dev/sdd1: LABEL="MULTISYSTEM" UUID="65F1-D88E" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="300fa8d0-01" #### this live pendrive partiton
/dev/loop0: UUID="2017-06-29-12-08-24-00" LABEL="Linux Mint 18.2 KDE 64-bit" TYPE="iso9660" PTUUID="68783b88" PTTYPE="dos" #### this live pendrive partiton
/dev/loop1: TYPE="squashfs" #### this live pendrive partiton
/dev/sda2: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="43852976-bf57-4529-8270-e79250147ad3" #### windows system partition
/dev/sda4: PARTUUID="5051ddbb-5210-4a06-8d8b-a118df3f07ca" #### legacy bios unused partition
/dev/sda5: UUID="1a3fdcc8-9e28-4095-8d7b-9e09fbc56ad2" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="4c431bce-ca10-4920-afec-726808f6864c" #### LINUX PARTITION
/dev/sda6: UUID="fb717962-1a1e-4a3b-9c45-1b1181ada463" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="7b044993-325f-4c6f-9026-b445d5a3799c" #### swap partition
/dev/sda7: LABEL="home" UUID="9afe46e7-60d5-44ae-b73b-adde2d7617fd" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="55f3f4ae-48a9-4156-841a-ad44405639eb" #### Home partition

#### Setup chroot environment

mint mint # mount /dev/sda5 /mnt
mint mint # mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot/efi
mint mint # mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
mint mint # mount --bind /dev/pts /mnt/dev/pts
mint mint # mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc
mint mint # mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys

#### Chroot command, (note the /bin/bash environment variable is only sometimes required, it will occasionally fail without it)

mint mint # chroot /mnt /bin/bash

#### Now we are in a chroot environment, we issue the commands to repair grub2

mint / # grub-install /dev/sda
Installing for x86_64-efi platform.
Installation finished. No error reported.

mint / # update-grub
Generating grub configuration file ...
using custom appearance settings
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.10.0-30-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.10.0-30-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.8.0-53-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.8.0-53-generic
File descriptor 24 (/dev/rfkill) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 4971: /bin/sh
/run/lvm/lvmetad.socket: connect failed: No such file or directory
WARNING: Failed to connect to lvmetad. Falling back to internal scanning. #### I have no idea what this error means, it doesn't affect the repair.
Adding boot menu entry for EFI firmware configuration
done

#### Press ctrl+d to exit the chroot, or just type quit or exit.

mint / # exit

#### Cleanly unmount the chroot

mint mint # umount /mnt/dev/pts
mint mint # umount /mnt/dev
mint mint # umount /mnt/proc
mint mint # umount /mnt/sys
mint mint # umount /mnt/boot/efi
mint mint # umount /mnt
mint mint #

#### Reboot and you are done. You should now have your grub2 boot screen. I always run update-grub after the linux system boots to add entries not added in chroot.

Last edited by vidtek on Wed Sep 06, 2017 5:07 am, edited 1 time in total.
Asus Z270 i7 16gb ram 8.25tb GT960 TSB6205 Quad tuner 64-bit Mint 18.2 Sonya KDE & win 10 Be/FE myth 0.28
Laptop Samsung NP R580 i5 nvidia linux ultimate & win 10

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catweazel
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Location: Australian Antarctic Territory

Re: Chroot How-to update for efi systems

Post by catweazel » Wed Sep 06, 2017 4:53 am

For those of us who just a few minutes ago turned their installation into scrambled eggs, it's worth putting this article into a text file on a flash drive or backup HDD where it's easily accessible in the event of a disaster on the scale of the one I just perpetrated on my system.
¡uʍop ǝpısdn sı buıɥʇʎɹǝʌǝ os ɐıןɐɹʇsnɐ ɯoɹɟ ɯ,ı

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