Page 1 of 1

What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sat Dec 19, 2009 7:23 am
by Husse
I'll fill in with more when I remember useful commands
Terminal commands
lsusb (l is a lower case L) lists units connected to USB
lspci (l is a lower case L) lists units connected to PCI
lspcmcia (l is a lower case L) lists units connected to PCMCIA
Compatibility mode - Press any key while the live CD/DVD counts down - this is some settings changed to something that is known to help in booting troublesome computers
Check the md5sum of the ISO - to do that in Windows you need a third party program like this but in Linux this is included in the terminal by default and in Mint you can right click the file
There are more ls commands that lists thing connected to some bus or such
To copy from a (gnome) terminal mark what you want to copy (as usual with the mouse) and Right click > Copy
The same for paste (except you select paste of course :))
Sometimes you see Code: Select All in an answer - click Select All to Select All in the code box, and you can then copy it
To be on the safe side - the terminal can be found in the menu or by right clicking in the folder

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sat Dec 19, 2009 8:46 pm
by GrayWizardLinux
More of these little types of explanations helps all of us newbies. Thanks Husse - Keep them coming when you can.

Others than really know - that will help too. But if you think you know - it sets all of us back tremendously. :wink:

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sat Dec 19, 2009 9:01 pm
by richyrich
My Favorite . . inxi -F . . :D

Code: Select all

~ $ inxi -F
System:    Host mint8main Kernel 2.6.31-14-generic i686 (32 bit) Distro Linux Mint 8 Helena - Main Edition
CPU:       Single core Intel Pentium 4 (UP) cache 1024 KB flags (sse3 nx) bmips 5999.88 
           Clock Speeds: (1) 2999.942 MHz (2) 2999.942 MHz
Graphics:  Card nVidia NV45GL [Quadro FX 3400/4400] X.Org 1.6.4 Res: 1280x1024@50.0hz 
           GLX Renderer Quadro FX 4000/PCI/SSE2 GLX Version 2.1.2 NVIDIA 185.18.36 Direct Rendering Yes
Audio:     Card Intel 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller driver HDA Intel
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Version 1.0.20
Network:   Card Intel 82801G (ICH7 Family) LAN Controller driver e100 v: 3.5.24-k2-NAPI at port 1000 
Disks:     HDD Total Size: 300.1GB (4.5% used) 1: /dev/sda ST3300831AS 300.1GB 
Partition: ID:/ size: 12G used: 4.0G (38%) fs: ext4 ID:/home size: 12G used: 2.5G (24%) fs: ext4 
           ID:swap-1 size: 2.05GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap 
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 52.0C mobo: N/A gpu: 0.0:55C 
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: 2347 fan-2: 0 fan-3: 0 fan-4: 0 
Info:      Processes 156 Uptime 2:05 Memory 420.5/2011.9MB Client Shell inxi 1.2

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sat Dec 19, 2009 9:07 pm
by moodywoody
My favourite command is

Code: Select all

$ apropos
Don't remember how many times this gem saved me.

So you forget for example which *&@%% command lists all the env variables (and "set" which works nicely on your Solaris boxes produces nonsense ) ... let's look it up ..

Code: Select all

sven@svens-mint ~ $ apropos environment
bsh (1)              - BeanShell: A Java scripting environment (command-line ...
env (1)              - run a program in a modified environment
environ (7)          - user environment
envsubst (1)         - substitutes environment variables in shell format strings
gnome-session (1)    - Starts up the GNOME desktop environment
HTTP::Server::Simple::CGI::Environment (3pm) - a HTTP::Server::Simple mixin t...
i386 (8)             - change reported architecture in new program environmen...
koi8rxterm (1)       - X terminal emulator for KOI8-R environments
ldap.conf (5)        - LDAP configuration file/environment variables
linux32 (1)          - change reported architecture in new program environmen...
linux64 (1)          - change reported architecture in new program environmen...
pam_env (8)          - PAM module to set/unset environment variables
pam_env.conf (5)     - the environment variables config file
pam_getenv (8)       - get environment variables from /etc/environment
printenv (1)         - print all or part of environment
setarch (8)          - change reported architecture in new program environmen...
uxterm (1)           - X terminal emulator for Unicode (UTF-8) environments
x-session-manager (1) - Starts up the GNOME desktop environment
xbsh (1)             - BeanShell: A Java scripting environment (windowed vers...
Ah yes ...

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sat Dec 19, 2009 9:09 pm
by GrayWizardLinux
cool!

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sun Dec 20, 2009 4:24 am
by XidCat
If I start having memory/CPU issues, I prefer the top command to the System Monitor GUI, top is more accurate and detailed. Also, I have shred on my right click options for removing sensitive data.

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sun Dec 20, 2009 5:12 am
by Husse
Actually I set this up so I could make lspci or lsusb a link in my answers in case the person asking is a newbie

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sun Dec 20, 2009 8:57 am
by GrayWizardLinux
OOOOOOPS!!!!! Sorry Husse! I didn't know. Maybe you can somehow move the extra posts to another new thread and keep the one you started intact the way you want it.... Yes?

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sun Dec 20, 2009 2:10 pm
by Husse
Don't oops - I did not lock it :)

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Sun Dec 20, 2009 4:25 pm
by GrayWizardLinux
Ok - I had no clue as to the avenue/direction of your original post.

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Tue Mar 29, 2011 2:24 am
by shiwa436
Thank You very for this share.. I am Newbie. I have to check these things..(commands)

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Tue Sep 20, 2011 6:55 am
by sunewbie
I have also found CLI companion, source and screen shots. But it has limited commands.

Besides there are some commands to auto mount drives
I think it is sudo mount -a

there are commands to check no of drives and UUID and check md5checksum (I do not remember them - I am an end user) updating grub, installing packages and updating system, make or remove directory.

I request you to please add these commands, of course in your free time..

They would be much helpful for newbies like me.

Re: What is? Explanation of some terms

Posted: Tue Sep 20, 2011 6:55 am
by sunewbie
I have also found CLI companion, source and screen shots. But it has limited commands.

Besides there are some commands to auto mount drives
I think it is sudo mount -a

there are commands to check no of drives and UUID and check md5checksum (I do not remember them - I am an end user) updating grub, installing packages and updating system, make or remove directory.

I request you to please add these commands, of course in your free time..

They would be much helpful for newbies like me.