Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

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crazygk02
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Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

Post by crazygk02 »

Firstly, my apologies because I know that this question has been asked before but I am not able to reach a resolution based on the answers to others questions.
I had/have a dual boot system running Windows 10 and Linux Mint off of drive SDA. About a week ago I noticed that Windows had failed to boot when I tried to boot into it so that I could routine updates.
When I select the Windows boot option I am immediatly brough tot he blue screen pictured below. If I hit enter or F8 (with the windows install disk in or out) it will do nothing.
If I select "boot from disk" with the windows CD in then I am not brought to the menu for boot otpions for windows, but rather I am pushed directly through to the install of Winows. First, it inidcates that if I went further one more step that it would begin deleting the SDA drive! Second, it does not boot to a repair mode when I press F8.
During the past week I did shrink SDA1 down by about 25 MB, because it seemed to me that Gparted was telling me that I should do that as it might be help. That has done nothing to help or harm the sitation that I can see so far.
My Linux sytem works just fine. I do not have a lot of info on the Windows OS, but would still love to fix it. I am leary to reinstall it because it seems that it would take the SDA drive, or at least part of it that belongs to Windows.

Manually, I have tried changing the boot disk to EFI shell boot first, that did bring me to anything that I knew how to work with.
I reversed that and set my SDC drive as the primary in hopes of installing to that disk instead since it is essnetially empty, it is formatted as ex4 though. Before I got to correcting that I realized that I have not idea of that 26 MG partion might also contain some part of grub or boot for my linux install so I wanted to ask here first.

I had a Radeon graphics card, nothing that I see indicates that one os is legacy and the other EFI, but I don't know what I am reading exactly. Here are the terminal entry reports I have ran so far as it seems like they were relevant in other forums about similar issues.
$ inxi -d
Drives: HDD Total Size: 5257.1GB (17.3% used)
ID-1: /dev/sda model: SanDisk_SD8SBAT2 size: 256.1GB
ID-2: /dev/sdb model: TOSHIBA_HDWD130 size: 3000.6GB
ID-3: USB /dev/sdd model: External_USB_3.0 size: 2000.4GB
Optical: /dev/sr0 model: ASUS DRW-24F1ST c
dev-links: cdrom,cdrw,dvd,dvdrw
Features: speed: 48x multisession: yes
audio: yes dvd: yes rw: cd-r,cd-rw,dvd-r,dvd-ram

sudo parted --list
[sudo] password for garious:
Model: ATA SanDisk SD8SBAT2 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 256GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 1049kB 31.5MB 30.4MB primary ntfs boot
2 311MB 206GB 206GB primary ext4
4 206GB 256GB 50.0GB extended
5 206GB 256GB 50.0GB logical linux-swap(v1)


Model: ATA TOSHIBA HDWD130 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 3001GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/4096B
Partition Table: gpt
Disk Flags:

Number Start End Size File system Name Flags
1 1049kB 3001GB 3001GB ext4 Internal Toshiba


Model: TOSHIBA External USB 3.0 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdd: 2000GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 1016kB 2000GB 2000GB extended lba
5 1049kB 2000GB 2000GB logical ntfs


Model: Linux device-mapper (crypt) (dm)
Disk /dev/mapper/cryptswap1: 50.0GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: loop
Disk Flags:

Number Start End Size File system Flags
1 0.00B 50.0GB 50.0GB linux-swap(v1)

inxi -Fxz
System: Host: d3stkt0p Kernel: 4.4.0-78-generic x86_64 (64 bit gcc: 5.4.0)
Desktop: Cinnamon 3.2.7 (Gtk 3.18.9-1ubuntu3.3)
Distro: Linux Mint 18.1 Serena
Machine: System: PowerSpec product: PowerSpec v: GSeries
Mobo: ASRock model: FM2A88X Extreme6+
Bios: American Megatrends v: P3.70F date: 06/09/2015
CPU: Quad core AMD A10-7870K Radeon R7 12 Compute Cores 4C+8G (-MCP-) cache: 8192 KB
flags: (lm nx sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 svm) bmips: 31142
clock speeds: max: 3900 MHz 1: 2400 MHz 2: 1700 MHz 3: 1700 MHz
4: 1700 MHz
Graphics: Card: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD/ATI] Kaveri [Radeon R7 Graphics]
bus-ID: 00:01.0
Display Server: X.Org 1.18.4 drivers: ati,radeon (unloaded: fbdev,vesa)
Resolution: 1600x900@60.00hz, 1920x1080@60.00hz
GLX Renderer: Gallium 0.4 on AMD KAVERI (DRM 2.43.0 / 4.4.0-78-generic, LLVM 3.8.0)
GLX Version: 3.0 Mesa 12.0.6 Direct Rendering: Yes
Audio: Card-1 Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] FCH Azalia Controller
driver: snd_hda_intel bus-ID: 00:14.2
Card-2 Advanced Micro Devices [AMD/ATI] Kaveri HDMI/DP Audio Controller
driver: snd_hda_intel bus-ID: 00:01.1
Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture v: k4.4.0-78-generic
Network: Card-1: Qualcomm Atheros AR9462 Wireless Network Adapter
driver: ath9k bus-ID: 02:00.0
IF: wlp2s0 state: down mac: <filter>
Card-2: Qualcomm Atheros QCA8171 Gigabit Ethernet
driver: alx port: e000 bus-ID: 04:00.0
IF: enp4s0 state: up speed: 1000 Mbps duplex: full mac: <filter>
Drives: HDD Total Size: 5257.1GB (17.3% used)
ID-1: /dev/sda model: SanDisk_SD8SBAT2 size: 256.1GB temp: 41C
ID-2: /dev/sdb model: TOSHIBA_HDWD130 size: 3000.6GB temp: 35C
ID-3: USB /dev/sdd model: External_USB_3.0 size: 2000.4GB temp: 0C
Partition: ID-1: / size: 189G used: 130G (73%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda2
ID-2: swap-1 size: 50.00GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/dm-0
RAID: No RAID devices: /proc/mdstat, md_mod kernel module present
Sensors: System Temperatures: cpu: 8.5C mobo: N/A gpu: 2.0
Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: N/A
Info: Processes: 220 Uptime: 4 min Memory: 1185.6/6893.0MB
Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Gcc sys: 5.4.0
Client: Shell (bash 4.3.461) inxi: 2.2.35

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kukamuumuka
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Re: Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

Post by kukamuumuka »

What tells

Code: Select all

sudo parted -l
Please use

Code: Select all

[code]the output here
[/code]

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Pierre
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Re: Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

Post by Pierre »

according to that 3rd pic, of Gparted:
- there is No Windows Partition
:!:

so when you did shrink SDA1 down by about 25 MB,
- then that's seemed to have wiped out the Windows Partition(s).
:|
there is SDA1 which is the Windows Boot partition, but that all.

you could place a new Windows install onto SDA3 if you wished to,
but it seems that the Linux installer, did a typical install:
- where the main partition - SDA2 - - / root - - wiped out the Windows system,
and the /swap file was placed into SDA5

personally - I'm not too keen on this method of installation,
& have difficulty in following why this partition method is used.
ie: why both the / root && /swap can't be Both Placed into the extended area,
or why it's always just the /swap that is placed into the extended area as SDA5.
- it's a strange way of installing, or at least to my way of thinking.
Image
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crazygk02
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Re: Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

Post by crazygk02 »

So then my questions would be.
Can I delete that boot partition and merge it into my linux extt4 system. IS the linux boot on there as well?
Also, If I extended the boot partition, could I reinstall windows on that. Surely Windows is larger than barely 50MGs?
I cannot get to the repair function so I am unable to fingure out how I would install just he boot, and if that boot is part of both systems.

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gold_finger
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Re: Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

Post by gold_finger »

crazygk02 wrote:Can I delete that boot partition and merge it into my linux extt4 system.
Yes, but it's so small it's pointless to do that.
crazygk02 wrote:IS the linux boot on there as well?
No.
crazygk02 wrote:Also, If I extended the boot partition, could I reinstall windows on that.
I suppose "yes" you could do that, but that would involve moving/changing the root partition for Mint which will be very time consuming and possibly cause something to break with the Mint install, not to mention that doing so will also eliminate most of the free space available on the root partition which can cause problems too. If you wanted to do that, I'd recommend moving all of your data files in /home folder to the 3TB drive and use that for all data files going forward. That will reduce size needs of Mint root partition and make it a bit less time consuming to shrink and move. (Make sure you have a bootable Mint DVD/USB stick of version you installed before attempting to shrink/move that root partition. There is a chance you'll lose ability to boot system and will need live DVD/USB to perform repair if that happens.)

Since you've got a virtually empty 3TB drive, maybe this is a good time to redo your whole partition setup. If it were me, I'd re-install both OS's on /dev/sda (256GB Sandisk) and have data files stored on the 3TB internal drive. Are you interested in doing that?


Just some miscellaneous notes to keep in mind:
  1. Both Windows and Mint were installed originally in "Legacy" mode to 256GB /dev/sda. Know this because that drive is using MBR/(msdos) partitions.
  2. Large 3TB drive is using GPT partitions, which is necessary to be able to use full capacity of drive.
  3. Windows could be installed to 3TB drive, but it would have to be a 64-bit version of Windows and installed in UEFI mode. However, doing that would make dual-booting with currently installed Mint difficult because it's installed in Legacy mode. You'd have to go into UEFI/Bios settings and change the boot mode each time you wanted to boot a different OS, which would be a pain in the a**.
  4. Windows and Mint installed in Legacy mode to 256GB drive will be able to use GPT partitions on 3TB drive for data storage. (Windows won't allow you to install there in Legacy mode, but it will let you use it for data storage.)
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crazygk02
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Re: Dual boot Windows 10/Linux Mint, ubuntu. Windows has crashed

Post by crazygk02 »

Thank you everyone for your advice and recommendations. In the end I ended up just doing a clean install placing my Linux operating system on the salad disk drive removing windows all together and using the extra holes as storage space now everything looks clean and orderly

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