I've been wrestling with a similar problem, but...
From looking over your data, my first suggestion is:
- boot into Linux,
- execute the command:
sudo update-grub, and
Now you should see a bunch of entries for booting windows. Ignore most of them and look for something like: Windows on /dev/hdd1. Select it and hit Enter. That should take you into Windows.
My reasoning is that changes have been made to your drive/partition layout, but grub hasn't been told about them.
I'm still working on the next step myself, which is cleaning up the grub boot menu. It's a daunting task and involves using software such as Aeomi Partition Assistant to delete unneeded EFI partitions WHICH I AM NOT RECOMMENDING FOR THE FAINT OF HEART. You need at least a basic working knowledge of how EFI, UEFI, MBR, BIOS and GRUB all work before attempting even a guided procedure.
If updating grub gives you the grub menuentry you need (among the many that'll be generated by the update) so you can boot Windows properly, I'd say take that and use it until you can do some studying.