I'm going to include instructions for the Timeshift partition, as I think you should do that, but it's your decision. Open Firefox and navigate to this thread for reference. Use copy and paste for all the commands. Typos usually are fatal in Linux. Not to the system, but the commands won't work. Most of this is based on a tutorial
by erstwhile much-respected forum member gold_finger
1. Install GParted. Included in the live session but not the installed system. Several ways to install apps in Mint, including Software Manager and Synaptic Package Manager. When I know the command name, I prefer Terminal. So open Terminal, click to expand to full screen and copy in the following command: apt install gparted
in Mint doesn't require sudo
(Ubuntu does), but you'll be asked for your password. This is the same password you set up when you installed the system. Leave Terminal open.
2. Create Timeshift partition. Open GParted. It's the same app you used before, except now you'll be prompted for your password. Switch to sdb
. If you haven't already, delete all the old Mint partitions from the aborted installation. Click Partition > New. Size is specified in MiB. For round numbers of GiB, multiply by 1024. So, 60 GiB = 61440 MiB. Format ext4. Label = Timeshift. Close GParted.
3. Set up mount points. You're going to need two, one for Timeshift and another for the Windows partition. Switch back to Terminal. Run sudo mkdir /mnt/Timeshift
, then sudo mkdir /mnt/Windows
. Depending on how long you spent in GParted
, you may not even need to enter your password again. Each time you do covers you for fifteen minutes. Both mount points will be "owned" by root. You want the Windows partition to be owned by you as user. To do that, run sudo chown -R manny /mnt/Windows
. (Note: Modify if that's not your user name on the system.)
4. Look up the UUIDs of the Timeshift and Windows partitions with sudo blkid
5. Edit fstab
. This is the configuration file which mounts partitions at boot. See Ubuntu Help
. Run xed admin:///etc/fstab
. You'll be asked for your password, twice. (This procedure isn't needed to edit ordinary files, only system files.) xed
is a simple text editor. Will open with the current text of fstab
. Go to the end of the file and hit Enter to get a new line. (Notice all the entries are two lines, one with # in front which explains what the next line is for, then a second with a bunch of inscrutable settings. Welcome to Linux! You're going to add two more groups and they should look like this:
# Mount Timeshift partition under /mnt/Timeshift
UUID=copy-from-blkid /mnt/Timeshift ext4 defaults 0 2
# Mount Windows partition under /mnt/Windows
UUID=copy-from-blkid /mnt/Windows ntfs-3g defaults,windows_names,locale=en_US.utf8 0 0
Save the file. Exit xed
, which will return you to Terminal. You'll see a few warnings, e.g., "specified location is not mounted." Ignore them.
6. Confirm. Still in Terminal, run sudo mount -a
. If no error code, you're good. You can confirm by opening File Manager, click File System, then mnt
. Click on the Windows folder. If you can see files, you're definitely good.
7. Symlink Windows into /home. You don't want to have to go through all that to open Windows files. Solution is a link in /home which points to /mnt/Windows. In Terminal, run ln -s /mnt/Windows /home/manny
(ln = link; -s = symlink). Switch back to File Manager and you should see Windows as a subfolder in your home folder. Double-click to open, then open some file or another. Important
: These are your actual files, not copies. Treat with the same care you would if you were editing, deleting, etc. in Windows.
8. Set up Timeshift. Open Timeshift. Will require your password. Go to Settings > Location. Notice you designate your target by its /dev/sdb# identifier. FYI, Timeshift actually keeps track by UUID, but the developer apparently thought folks would find this way easier. I think he was right. While here, you might as well set up a snapshot schedule. With this much room, you can cast a wide net. Two monthly, three weekly and four daily will cover just about any system restore scenario you're likely to run into. For a brief explanation of how Timeshift works, see this post
in a prior thread.
Sorry if I overlooked anything. Let me know if something doesn't work as described. FYI, that might look like a lot of work, but it isn't. The whole process probably will take about fifteen minutes. Of course, it's unfamiliar, but everything will fall into place once you're looking at the screens.