Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit) [SOLVED]

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Manosman
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Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit) [SOLVED]

Post by Manosman »

Hi there, :D

I'm actually completely new to Linux. I come from Windows 10 (which is kind of bad...) and I actually heard that Linux Mint is simple and really amazing to start with. I actually don't know any coding though, but I'll try to manage! :D

So, I downloaded the .iso file from the Linux Mint website and I made a bootable USB and tried to instal the OS, however, once I chose the USB from the boot menu, I got this: "No default or ui configuration directive found".

I tried to use a FAT and a FAT32 format, I also redownloaded the .iso file, just to make sure and I also used both Rufus and UUI. And since I saw it online, I also tried to rename the names of some files, in order for the system to read it properly. Well, nothing worked actually... So, any ideas? :)
Last edited by Manosman on Wed Sep 18, 2019 4:46 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by blueocean »

I made a hasty post and then did some looking. Now I confess to not knowing the answer. I'm sure some of the big guns here will drop by to help.
Last edited by blueocean on Mon Sep 16, 2019 8:12 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by all41 »

I also tried to rename the names of some files
Curious re that.
You should download a Mint .iso file and burn it as is---as an image
No renaming needed.
Are you extracting the files?? Don't do that.

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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by pbear »

When all else fails, maybe try reading the manual?
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by blueocean »

Are you trying to install to a bare drive or is this some virtual box setup?
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

Hi guys, thanks for the replies!

I'll make sure to try it the way that manual suggests.

I actually am trying to install Linux Mint on my HDD, I just use the USB to boot from it.

As for the .iso file, I only did what the instructions told me (Download the .iso, use Rufus (or any other software suggested) and boot from the USB).
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by pbear »

Rufus is fine. In fact, I prefer it in Windows for burning ISOs to USB. Mainly, I was referring you to the manual for the other stuff, in particular how to prepare your machine for installation. For example, Windows has a feature called Fast Startup which places the hard drive in a hibernation state. Mint can't install to a hibernated drive. You disable Fast Startup in Control Panel (under Power Options > Power Button).

By the way, is this going to be dual boot or Mint only? If the former, see also ELTP (the website of long time forum member Pjotr).
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Manosman
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

I already had "Fast Startup" off. Also, I use dual boot.

Well, I actually solved the problem, I just burned the .iso to a dvd and then I installed Linux Mint like that. All went well.

I only have one last question before I mark this as "SOLVED". When I restarted my pc, it booted me directly to Windows 10, without asking. How do I go to Lunux Mint? Do I have to change something in the BIOS?
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by athi »

Did you disable secure boot in UEFI? That will prevent Mint boot loader to initiate. If that still does not work, boot into Mint live DVD/USB again and run below command in Terminal (ctrl+alt+t) to output machine information and post result between </> sign (at top of reply box). Certain UEFI implementation requires additional steps to boot Mint.

Code: Select all

inxi -Fxz
Mint Mate 19.1. Main rig is HP 800G2 I5 6500 16GB ram, 120GB boot drive, 2x3TB, 1x4TB data drives. Oldest rig is Mate 18.3 on Dell D620 with 32bits core duo.

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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

athi wrote:
Tue Sep 17, 2019 2:09 pm
Did you disable secure boot in UEFI? That will prevent Mint boot loader to initiate.
I actually haven't done that. I'll try it!

EDIT: Safe Boot was already disabled. So, that's not it.
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

Code: Select all

System:
  Host: mint Kernel: 4.15.0-54-generic x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc 
  v: 7.4.0 Desktop: Cinnamon 4.2.3 Distro: Linux Mint 19.2 Tina 
  base: Ubuntu 18.04 bionic 
Machine:
  Type: Desktop Mobo: ASRock model: AB350M Pro4 serial: <filter> 
  UEFI [Legacy]: American Megatrends v: P4.90 date: 07/06/2018 
CPU:
  Topology: 6-Core model: AMD Ryzen 5 1600X bits: 64 type: MT MCP arch: Zen 
  rev: 1 L2 cache: 3072 KiB 
  flags: lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 svm 
  bogomips: 86228 
  Speed: 1883 MHz min/max: 2200/3600 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1882 2: 1895 
  3: 1887 4: 1895 5: 1882 6: 1883 7: 1888 8: 1896 9: 1884 10: 1985 11: 1967 
  12: 1890 
Graphics:
  Device-1: NVIDIA GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB] vendor: Gigabyte 
  driver: nouveau v: kernel bus ID: 23:00.0 
  Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.19.6 driver: nouveau 
  unloaded: fbdev,modesetting,vesa resolution: 1920x1080~60Hz 
  OpenGL: renderer: NV136 v: 4.3 Mesa 19.0.2 direct render: Yes 
Audio:
  Device-1: NVIDIA GP106 High Definition Audio vendor: Gigabyte 
  driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 23:00.1 
  Device-2: AMD Family 17h HD Audio vendor: ASRock driver: snd_hda_intel 
  v: kernel bus ID: 25:00.3 
  Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.15.0-54-generic 
Network:
  Device-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet 
  vendor: ASRock driver: r8169 v: 2.3LK-NAPI port: f000 bus ID: 1f:00.0 
  IF: enp31s0 state: down mac: <filter> 
  Device-2: Realtek RTL8188CUS 802.11n WLAN Adapter type: USB 
  driver: rtl8192cu bus ID: 3-4:4 
  IF: wlx6470021ae2f8 state: down mac: <filter> 
Drives:
  Local Storage: total: 2.73 TiB used: 26.8 MiB (0.0%) 
  ID-1: /dev/sda vendor: Western Digital model: WD20EZRZ-00Z5HB0 
  size: 1.82 TiB temp: 37 C 
  ID-2: /dev/sdb vendor: Western Digital model: WD10EZRX-00A8LB0 
  size: 931.51 GiB temp: 37 C 
Partition:
  ID-1: / size: 7.83 GiB used: 26.8 MiB (0.3%) fs: overlay source: ERR-102 
Sensors:
  System Temperatures: cpu: 52.8 C mobo: N/A gpu: nouveau temp: 51 C 
  Fan Speeds (RPM): N/A gpu: nouveau fan: 0 
Info:
  Processes: 268 Uptime: 4m Memory: 15.66 GiB used: 612.8 MiB (3.8%) 
  Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Compilers: gcc: 7.4.0 Shell: bash v: 4.4.19 
  inxi: 3.0.32 
Here it is!
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by athi »

Manosman wrote:
Tue Sep 17, 2019 2:58 pm
Host: mint Kernel: 4.15.0-54-generic x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc
v: 7.4.0 Desktop: Cinnamon 4.2.3 Distro: Linux Mint 19.2 Tina
base: Ubuntu 18.04 bionic
Machine:
Type: Desktop Mobo: ASRock model: AB350M Pro4 serial: <filter>
UEFI [Legacy]: American Megatrends v: P4.90 date: 07/06/2018
CPU:
Topology: 6-Core model: AMD Ryzen 5 1600X bits: 64 type: MT MCP arch: Zen
rev: 1 L2 cache: 3072 KiB
flags: lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 svm
bogomips: 86228
Speed: 1883 MHz min/max: 2200/3600 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1882 2: 1895
3: 1887 4: 1895 5: 1882 6: 1883 7: 1888 8: 1896 9: 1884 10: 1985 11: 1967
12: 1890
Output shows Mint live DVD booted in legacy BIOS mode. For a Win10/Mint dual boot, firmware should be in UEFI mode. Wondering if Mint was installed in legacy mode also. Is the firmware set to legacy BIOS, UEFI or UEFI with CSM?

Output also shows 2 drives (2TB and 1TB), please run below command in Terminal to output partition information for the drives. There may be EFI partition on both drives causing this issue.

Code: Select all

sudo parted -l
Mint Mate 19.1. Main rig is HP 800G2 I5 6500 16GB ram, 120GB boot drive, 2x3TB, 1x4TB data drives. Oldest rig is Mate 18.3 on Dell D620 with 32bits core duo.

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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

athi wrote:
Tue Sep 17, 2019 3:49 pm
Output shows Mint live DVD booted in legacy BIOS mode. For a Win10/Mint dual boot, firmware should be in UEFI mode. Wondering if Mint was installed in legacy mode also. Is the firmware set to legacy BIOS, UEFI or UEFI with CSM?
I have no idea...

Code: Select all

Model: ATA WDC WD20EZRZ-00Z (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 2000GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/4096B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags: 

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system  Flags
 1      1049kB  525MB   524MB   primary  ntfs         boot
 2      525MB   2000GB  2000GB  primary  ntfs


Model: ATA WDC WD10EZRX-00A (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 1000GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/4096B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags: 

Number  Start   End     Size   Type      File system  Flags
 1      1049kB  784GB   784GB  primary   ntfs         boot
 3      784GB   1000GB  216GB  extended
 5      784GB   1000GB  216GB  logical   ext4
 2      1000GB  1000GB  493MB  primary   ntfs         diag


Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr0 read-write (Read-only file system).  /dev/sr0
has been opened read-only.
Model: _NEC DVD_RW ND-3520A (scsi)                                        
Disk /dev/sr0: 2009MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 2048B/2048B
Partition Table: mac
Disk Flags: 

Number  Start  End     Size    File system  Name   Flags
 1      2048B  6143B   4096B                Apple
 2      334kB  2726kB  2392kB               EFI
Here's the code you asked.

EDIT: It seems I do run on a legacy BIOS.
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by athi »

Machine has 2 MBR drives with no EFI partition and a boot flagged partition on each drive, which is not typical for Win10 installation. Looks like a Win10 boot partition is on /dev/sda1 and Mint is installed on /dev/sdb5. Is this a Win10 upgraded from Win7?

Link to manual for Asrock AB350M Pro4, BIOS setup starts @pp48: http://asrock.pc.cdn.bitgravity.com/Man ... 20Pro4.pdf
Asrock AB350M Pro4 supports UEFI with CSM, which is also the default settings. Please confirms that SATA is set to AHCI (pp 56). If SATA is in RAID mode, changing to AHCI will break the Win10 installation, please let us know if this is the case. If not, I would try changing boot order (pp 64) to boot from the 1TB HDD first and see if you can boot into GRUB.
Mint Mate 19.1. Main rig is HP 800G2 I5 6500 16GB ram, 120GB boot drive, 2x3TB, 1x4TB data drives. Oldest rig is Mate 18.3 on Dell D620 with 32bits core duo.

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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

athi wrote:
Tue Sep 17, 2019 5:17 pm
Machine has 2 MBR drives with no EFI partition and a boot flagged partition on each drive, which is not typical for Win10 installation. Looks like a Win10 boot partition is on /dev/sda1 and Mint is installed on /dev/sdb5. Is this a Win10 upgraded from Win7?

Link to manual for Asrock AB350M Pro4, BIOS setup starts @pp48: http://asrock.pc.cdn.bitgravity.com/Man ... 20Pro4.pdf
Asrock AB350M Pro4 supports UEFI with CSM, which is also the default settings. Please confirms that SATA is set to AHCI (pp 56). If SATA is in RAID mode, changing to AHCI will break the Win10 installation, please let us know if this is the case. If not, I would try changing boot order (pp 64) to boot from the 1TB HDD first and see if you can boot into GRUB.
I actually installed Windows 10 from my university. They give free software and stuff to all students of the university.

How can I confirm that SATA is set to AHCI? I've attached an image from Device Manager, I hope that works.
Attachments
Untitled.jpg
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by athi »

Manosman wrote:
Tue Sep 17, 2019 5:42 pm
I actually installed Windows 10 from my university. They give free software and stuff to all students of the university.

How can I confirm that SATA is set to AHCI? I've attached an image from Device Manager, I hope that works.
Did you setup Win10 or was it done by a tech at the university? First time that I have seen Win10 installed on MBR drive with UEFI capable machine.

The settings (SATA, secure boot, fast boot, CSM and boot menu) that I am talking about are in BIOS setup. During boot, tap f2 or Delete key repeatedly to bring up UEFI setup utility screen, tap f11 repeatedly to bring up boot menu.
SATA AHCI: Use the arrow key to navigate to Advanced tab to open Advanced screen, use arrow key to navigate to Storage Configuration and press Enter key to open Advanced Storage Configuration screen, SATA mode line should be "AHCI".
Secure boot disabled: Use the arrow key to navigate to Security tab to open Security screen, check that Secure Boot State is "Disabled".
Fast boot, CSM: Use the arrow key to navigate to boot tab to open Security screen, check that Fast Boot is "Disabled". Check that CSM is "Enabled".
Use arrow key to navigate to Exit tab to open Exit menu. To exit and save changes, use arrow key to highlight Save Changes and Exit and press Enter to exit. To exit without saving changes, use arrow key to highlight Discard Changes and Exit and press Enter to exit

Please let us know if SATA, secure boot, fast boot and CSM settings.
Mint Mate 19.1. Main rig is HP 800G2 I5 6500 16GB ram, 120GB boot drive, 2x3TB, 1x4TB data drives. Oldest rig is Mate 18.3 on Dell D620 with 32bits core duo.

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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

I installed Windows 10 personally.

As for the settings you told me, things were already like that. So, I didn't have to change anything.
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by athi »

OK, with all the UEFI settings as they should be. Reboot and tap f11 while booting, this will bring up the boot menu. Boot menu should have both HDD listed, use the arrow key to select the 1TB HDD and press Enter and see if this bring up the GRUB menu and boot Mint.
Mint Mate 19.1. Main rig is HP 800G2 I5 6500 16GB ram, 120GB boot drive, 2x3TB, 1x4TB data drives. Oldest rig is Mate 18.3 on Dell D620 with 32bits core duo.

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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by Manosman »

It actually worked! :D
However, how can I make it boot from that disk without using the BIOS?

Also, I noticed that my pictures, documents, etc. don't exist on Linux Mint. Is there a way to move them?
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Re: Problem with installation of Linux Mint 19.2 Cinamon (64bit)

Post by athi »

OK, looks like the Mint installation is good, Mint was just set to boot after Win10. Can you see Windows boot manager as an option in the GRUB menu listing?

As far as permanently moving the Mint HDD ahead of Win10 HDD, there should be a setting in the Boot section of UEFI that shows both Win10 boot manager and Mint boot loader. Any changes made there would be permanent. I cannot find where this would be reading through the manual. Expand each item inside of the Boot section and see if you can find it. As long as you don't save the changes in UEFI, looking around would not cause any change.

Are you talking about the data that was on Win10? Open a file manager and you will see the Win10 partition listed under Devices. Click on the device to mount the partition and you can access the data. Before you do this, make sure that Win10 fast startup is disabled, otherwise you could corrupt the Win10 partition. If you have not backup your data, boot into Win10 and backup your data before doing anything else.

Edit: link to tutorial on how to disable Win10 fast startup: https://www.windowscentral.com/how-disa ... st-startup
Mint Mate 19.1. Main rig is HP 800G2 I5 6500 16GB ram, 120GB boot drive, 2x3TB, 1x4TB data drives. Oldest rig is Mate 18.3 on Dell D620 with 32bits core duo.

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