You are most welcome.
Yes, I received your last PM. I replied to that with a fair amount of options regarding this.
Did you read and try the links that I gave you in that PM reply?
If for some reason, you are getting a lock message from a console terminal prompt running any command, then restart (reboot) your computer and try again.
siawacsh wrote:Regarding the recent changes I had made that might have messed with the system was a whole bunch code editing packages I had been experimenting with. Bluefish, Bracket and later Atom. None of which (with the exception of bluefish) could be found on the repositories. So if Mint 18 has Atom or at least a code editor which recognizes HTML5, CSS3 and PHP, then I would rather stick with the stability of 17.3 and wait until 18 is rock solid. Solid state disk optimization would also be an advantage. But I would still consider stability more important than extra bells & whistles.
I do not think that installing text or html editors would have any negative results on your video system or graphical desktop. The excellent "Atom" editor can be installed in any Linux Mint system, including versions 17.x or 18, from their website. If you only have an ancient 32-bit system, like me
, then you would have to use a PPA to install the Atom editor.
Linux Mint versions 17.x are rock solid and extremely stable with long term support (LTS) until 2019. I have found that Linux Mint 18 to be very stable as well, but it is much different than Linux Mint 17.x which is based upon Ubuntu 14.04, whereas Linux Mint 18 is based upon Ubuntu 16.04. There are still a few applications, programs, features, that have not yet been upgraded to this new version, or have been removed (not available), that I really like and want to use. Yet, there are new applications and utilities, new features, and other applications that have been upgraded significantly for Linux Mint 18 (Ubuntu 16.04) that you simply cannot install in previous versions of Linux Mint. Unfortunately, this is a typical scenario when operating systems are significantly upgraded whether that is Linux, Linux Mint, MS Windows, or Mac.
The web link from the excellent website "Easy Linux Tips Project" has a lot of information regarding using and setting up SSD drives in various Linux Mint versions. One of the best ways to improve your computer system's performance is to get and use a SSD hard drive.
siawacsh wrote:In the meantime I Would appreciate any backup tips you might have. My cloud drive is the free option and probably have to upgrade it because I have at least 100 Gigs of data to backup. Are you still happy with the pCloud Client?
I love the "pCloud" service and their superb Linux client with system tray management icon. It is a great way to have documents, and files and folders of stuff, that you want to remotely access, or securely share with others, have access to while traveling, or application data that you want to not duplicate, if you boot up to another operating system.
As for using an Internet cloud service for regularly backing up an entire operating system (drive or partition), or for that matter a large local database file(s), I do not think that is practical from a time perspective. If you have 100 gb (gigabytes) or more to backup, that can take a very long time to back up through an Internet method, cloud based or otherwise. There is also the security aspect to consider. Although these cloud services are secure, they are still more vulnerable to a hacker, or Internet problem, than your local backup hard drives would be that are only connected to your computer when you are backing up, and you have total control of your secure backups on drive(s) that you physically have, including being able to take them with you, if the SHTF (in case of emergencies- ice).
I recommend getting a large external USB hard drive, and or if your computer has an external Sata port, then maybe a Sata external hard drive, for backing up. It should be larger than the drive(s), and or hard drive partitions, that you want to backup. External TeraByte (tb) drives are relatively inexpensive nowadays. I would also recommend getting two of them, and alternating them when backing up, this way if you have a problem while backing up, power failure, hardware failure, etc... then you have the other one to rely on. Example: Use one backup drive for Mon., Wed., Fri., Sun., then the other for Tue., Thur, Sat., etc... Or one drive this week, the other drive the next week, and so on...
As for backing up software applications and procedures, that depends a lot on what you or your business does daily.
These are the backup procedures (methods) that I highly recommend to anyone:
1.) Use a hard drive imaging program, like the excellent free "Clonezilla Live" to make image backups of your hard drive(s) to a folder like "Backup-Images" on your external drives, when you first get a computer, after installing a new operating system, major updates, etc... I usually do this at least once a month, and before any major operating system update or upgrade, before any hard drive or partition changes (rare), or before installing something that could have "systemic" (system wide) effects. This can take a while to run, so I usually start these at night before going to bed, so when I get up, it is done. If you really run into a problem, you can just restore the drive, or that drive's partition, reboot, and you are backup and running. This can take an hour or more to run depending upon the amount it has to backup or restore.
2.) Use a "syncing" program like the fantastic "FreeFileSync" (FFS) to make daily or frequent backups of data (passwords, etc...), documents, emails, multi-media files (video, music, pictures), basically things that are new, updated, or that change daily to the same external backup drives, using different folders of course. And except for the first time you run a "syncing" application with a new backup drive, this process is usually completed very quickly as compared to backing up an entire drive, because you are only backing up the stuff that is new or has changed from the last time you backed up. There is another advantage to this method, and that is you can easily access your frequent backups using your file manager and other software programs, like documents, data, multi-media files, etc... whereas accessing specific data from a compressed drive's image backup is not so fast or easy to do. I also use USB flash drive sticks to make backups of my documents, passwords data, anything like that which I can fit onto the smaller backup USB flash drive sticks. With "FFS" you can create and save and then recall specific FFS profiles for specific tasks for specific drives and or flash drive sticks; for instance, I have FFS profiles for my "Blue-WD" USB backup drive, for My "Grey-USB" WD backup drive, "LittleBlue16gb" - flash drive stick, "Patriot-16gb" (great fast USB flash drive sticks), etc... You could create a FFS profile to sync your music (& or videos & pics) to your USB connected phones, mp3 - mp4 players, other portable devices, or USB flash drive sticks, etc...
Free File Sync
- FreeFileSync is a folder comparison and synchronization tool providing highly optimized performance and usability without needless user interface complexity.
Linux Mint 18 - easy to install Linux ".deb" files, just download and double click to install.
http://www.ubuntuupdates.org/package/ge ... eefilesync
To install FreeFileSync using the PPA method, open a console terminal, type in, or copy & paste, each line below one by one:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:freefilesync/ffs
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install freefilesync
3.) There is an awesome application called "Aptik" that can backup your Linux Mint system's customizations, like all installed applications including their PPAs & your custom configurations, themes, icons, your home folder, etc... which makes restoring Linux Mint the way you had it, from a fresh installation of Linux Mint easy to do. It only takes about 16 minutes (or less) to do a clean fresh install of any edition and version of Linux Mint. But, what about all software and their custom settings, etc.. that takes a lot of time for most people to do? This is where "Atpik" comes in extremely handy. I will use "aptik" after installing Linux Mint and setting it up the way I want it, after installing a lot of new software applications, before any major updates, or upgrades, etc... I also create a specific folder on my backup drives for "Aptik" backups.
To install "Aptik", download their easy installer ".deb" file, and double click that, or install their PPA below by Opening a console terminal prompt and type in each line one by one, or copy & paste each line, below:
Aptik website - their "homepage" has links to download the 32-bit or 64-bit easy installer Aptik ".deb" file.
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:teejee2008/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install aptik
siawacsh wrote:I would also like to study the best way to back up and restore thunderbird. It is all well and good copying and pasting the whole thunderbird folder but sometimes I want to compare two folders of the same name with different files or folders. For example, these last couple of days I did download some messages in my backup thunderbird? I hope you get what I mean.
I already replied to this in my PM to you, just copy your Thunderbird (TB) hidden folder ".thunderbird" that is in your "/Home" folder to another USB flash drive stick, DVD, another attached drive or hard drive partition. Thunderbird can also be setup to use a different folder than its cryptic default folder, like "/Documents/Thunderbird" which would make backing up much easier, since most people already backup their "/Documents" folder. If you did not use the same Thunderbird folder and its data files when you ran TB again, then you may have to export the new or missing emails, then import those into your main TB folder and files. This should be a rare occurrence and to be avoided. FreeFileSync could compare them from a file point of view, but not their file contents.
Hope this helps ...