There is a difference in installing the "full" version of Linux Mint onto a USB flash drive versus installing it with "persistence". You can easily install any "Full" edition of the wonderful Linux Mint operating systems on to a USB flash drive using the method below. I would highly recommend using a very fast and durable USB flash drive, like the "Patriot" flash drives (available on Amazon.com), and at least 16gb or more of space, especially if you are going to run any operating system from a flash drive. The website "http://www.pendrivelinux.com/
' has details on this.
What is Persistent Linux?
It would help to have more information about your system's setup, like what processor does it use? (& is it 32-bit or 64-bit), how much memory (RAM), video card, etc... see FYI below. Your Windows System information can provide at least some of this. Depending on your hardware, you might find that one of the four standard editions of Linux Mint works better than another. You said you wanted to try "Mate", I say that's a good idea, but why not try all of them: Cinnamon, Mate, KDE (my favorite), & Xfce? You an easily "burn" a copy of each "live" installer editions of Linux Mint to DVD's or USB flash drives to "test drive" them, before actually installing them to a USB flash drive or your computer's hard drive. If you need a really good free DVD burning software for MS Windows, then I recommend "Ashampoo Burning Studio" because it is super easy to use and it works well.
Ashampoo Burning Studio FREE for Windows to create DVD's.
https://www.ashampoo.com/en/usd/pin/711 ... tudio-free
Installing Linux Mint to a USB flash drive:
You will need two USB flash drives if you are going to put the Linux Mint live installer on one USB flash drive, instead of using a DVD, and another USB flash drive to actually install a full edition of Linux Mint onto.
1. Download and install a software program in your current system that can create a bootable USB flash drive, like "unetbootin", or "Universal USB Installer".
Universal USB Installer
http://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal- ... -as-1-2-3/
2. Download a "live" installer version of any edition (and version) of Linux Mint from link below. The 17.2 editions are brand new (2015) and have "uefi" support for newer computers that use it. The 17.1 versions are very stable and can be easily upgraded to 17.2 when you want to. These installer "test drive" Mint downloads are in a ".iso" file format which can be burned to a DVD or a USB flash drive (at least 2gb).
Links to download the Linux Mint Operating Systems. You have to know if your system uses a 32-bit or 64-bit processor, check your system information, or search the web on your computer to find out.
3. Bring up your software to create a bootable USB drive, like "unetbootin", or your DVD burning software to create a bootable DVD from the ".iso" file(s) you downloaded, and follow their simple instructions to create the bootable USB flash drive, or a bootable DVD.
4. Once you have a bootable live installer "test drive" version of Linux Mint available, then restart your computer, and boot up to your USB flash drive, or to the DVD.
5. Connect to your internet. If you are using an ethernet cable you should already be connected. If you are using WiFi wireless connection, then in the lower right corner of the system tray panel is a wireless networking icon, click this, and click your WiFi router to connect to it, enter your password, and you should be connected.
6. You can now explore the Linux Mint edition you picked, or just click the "install" desktop icon to start the installation procedure. During the installation procedure, you will be asked where to install Linux Mint, select the USB flash drive that you want to use, and follow the simple instructions. When it is finished, you can boot up to and run the "full" version of Linux Mint on your USB flash drive.
FYI: It would help everyone here to have more information about your system's setup: like what edition and version of Linux Mint are you using, Cinnamon, Mate, KDE (my favorite), or Xfce; version 17, 17.1, 17.2, or What?; 32-bit or 64-bit? Some more information about your hardware would be useful as well. You can get this information from top of your system menu's Welcome screen, System Information program(s), and the best is by typing in "inxi -Fxz
" from a console terminal prompt, which you can then copy and paste back here. This information helps anyone here in this forum to be able to answer any questions you may have better
, thanks. You can even add this information (abbreviated) to your signature using the control panel link in the above left of this forum screen; then when you post a question or reply to one, that info will automatically be there, ex: see mine and others below their posts.