speed up USB linux mint?

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aniola
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speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 9:39 am

I successfully installed Linux Mint (18.3 cinnamon if it matters) onto a little USB stick. That's my operating system right now. It's REALLY slow. The live usb stick is lots faster, so I know it's possible. What can I do to speed it up?

(Note: I'm in Nicaragua with a semi-functional computer. My 1.8" hard drive died while I was traveling, and those are hard to find, generally speaking. I might be able to get one eventually, but that's not the question at hand. I don't know what I'm doing, so use small words please.

If this has been asked before, I'm delighted to follow your link, especially if it is beginner-friendly, but I was having trouble navigating the forums to find this answer myself. If I should ask this in a different section, please send me there and I'll ask it.)

Thanks!

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Moem
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Moem » Thu Jan 18, 2018 9:53 am

This is tangential to your question, but:
How much RAM does your semi-functional computer have? Cinnamon is one of the heaviest desktops. MATE and XFCE are probably a lot faster.
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:01 am

System info says 5.6 gigs?

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:04 am

Also, for reasons, I'm already on my third try (including that one time I tried installing to an sd card) and would really like to not have to install a fourth time if I can avoid it. <3

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Moem » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:06 am

Okay, that's entirely possible and should be fine, so that is not the problem here. Someone who knows more than me (and there are lots of folks here who know more than me) will probably be able to help. Just to make their job easier, could you open a terminal (ctrl+alt+t) and enter this command, exactly as it is here:

Code: Select all

inxi -Fzx
Then please copy (use rightclick or the Edit menu) the output, and paste it into your next message. That should provide lots of useful information about your system. Thanks!
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Mute Ant » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:16 am

You can't speed up the USB you have. The 'connectedness' of what you write and how you write it simply vanish when the stick allocates the least-used pieces of the drive to store new data.

Use It Less: These changes survive until the next reboot.

o Don't use swap-space in the USB drive... sudo swapoff -a

o Mount volatile RAM drives on top of folders that get used a lot for temporary files. Each drive is allowed half the RAM as a default maximum size, but it only uses RAM space when something is stored.
sudo mount -t tmpfs tmpfs /tmp
sudo mount -t tmpfs tmpfs ~/.cache
sudo mount -t tmpfs tmpfs ~/.thumbnails

Upgrade: Duplicate the whole slow-OS to a USB3 chip. These are much faster, even if you only connect using a USB2 port. Typically...
USB1 chip 1MB/s
USB2 chip 5MB/s
USB3 chip 15MB/s
There are some weaselly USB products out there. 'USB3 compatible' is nothing special, they all are. You want a real USB3 with a promise of disk-drive write speeds. The camera cards sold for video cameras are up to the job. Get a real one, not a fake.
Last edited by Mute Ant on Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:25 am, edited 1 time in total.
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aniola
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:23 am

Code: Select all

 mint@mint ~ $ inxi -Fzx
System:    Host: mint Kernel: 4.8.0-53-generic x86_64 (64 bit gcc: 5.4.0)
           Desktop: Cinnamon 3.4.3 (Gtk 3.18.9-1ubuntu3.3)
           Distro: Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya
Machine:   System: Hewlett-Packard (portable) product: HP EliteBook 2540p
           Mobo: Hewlett-Packard model: 7008 v: KBC Version 38.32
           Bios: Hewlett-Packard v: 68CSU Ver. F.09 date: 03/09/2011
CPU:       Dual core Intel Core i7 L 640 (-HT-MCP-) cache: 4096 KB
           flags: (lm nx sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx) bmips: 8511
           clock speeds: max: 2134 MHz 1: 1333 MHz 2: 1466 MHz 3: 1199 MHz
           4: 1466 MHz
Graphics:  Card: Intel Core Processor Integrated Graphics Controller
           bus-ID: 00:02.0
           Display Server: X.Org 1.18.4 drivers: intel (unloaded: fbdev,vesa)
           Resolution: 1280x800@60.04hz
           GLX Renderer: Mesa DRI Intel Ironlake Mobile
           GLX Version: 2.1 Mesa 12.0.6 Direct Rendering: Yes
Audio:     Card Intel 5 Series/3400 Series High Definition Audio
           driver: snd_hda_intel bus-ID: 00:1b.0
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture v: k4.8.0-53-generic
Network:   Card-1: Intel 82577LM Gigabit Network Connection
           driver: e1000e v: 3.2.6-k port: 5020 bus-ID: 00:19.0
           IF: enp0s25 state: down mac: <filter>
           Card-2: Intel Centrino Advanced-N 6200
           driver: iwlwifi bus-ID: 43:00.0
           IF: wlo1 state: up mac: <filter>
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 143.6GB (0.1% used)
           ID-1: /dev/sda model: SAMSUNG_HS122JF size: 120.0GB temp: 41C
           ID-2: USB /dev/sdb model: STORE_N_GO size: 15.5GB temp: 0C
           ID-3: USB /dev/sdc model: Innostor size: 8.1GB temp: 0C
RAID:      No RAID devices: /proc/mdstat, md_mod kernel module present
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 42.0C mobo: 0.0C
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: N/A
Info:      Processes: 211 Uptime: 1:10 Memory: 1108.3/5758.3MB
           Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Gcc sys: 5.4.0
           Client: Shell (bash 4.3.481) inxi: 2.2.35 
mint@mint ~ $ 

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:28 am

Mute Ant, I'd like to do what I can with the hardware I have right now. Other than that, I didn't really understand what you just said. Can I just type all those things you said into terminal and it'll know what to do?

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by austin.texas » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:29 am

A portable hard drive operates better than a USB flash drive.
Mint 18.2 Cinnamon, Quad core AMD A8-3870 with Radeon HD Graphics 6550D, 8GB DDR3, Ralink RT2561/RT61 802.11g PCI
Linux Linx 2018

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Mute Ant » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:31 am

"Can I just type all those things you said into terminal and it'll know what to do?" Yes. They are all temporary changes, gone when you reboot.
Right at the bottom, all alone in the centre of the bright cold floor, was a lemon drop.

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Moem » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:34 am

You could probably get an improvement by using Pjotr's tips: https://sites.google.com/site/easylinuxtipsproject/3
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aniola
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:36 am

so I have a live usb, and a usb with an actual install of linux mint. I am currently running the live usb because the actual install is too slow. the live usb forgets things when i reboot, but i don't think the actual install does, does it?

also i would be totally happy to dedicate all available storage space in the usb to making the OS go faster.

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:39 am

Moem, that link looks like it's for speeding up linux mint generally. Linux mint is generally fine.

my issue is that the live usb worked great, and the usb with the installed version of linux mint is unusably slow.

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by RobertService » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:39 am

@ aniola--

Switch to Linux Mint 17.3 Xfce--it's a much 'lighter' operating system than LM 18, and at least as good. I've already switched two of my laptops back to Mint 17.3, and am getting ready to 'upgrade' the rest of them to LM 17.3.

Going in to 2017, Mint 17.3 Xfce was declared to be the best Linux distribution of all distributions, not just Xfce distributions. And it really is.
And, as an added bonus, it takes less of your valuable system resources.
Best of luck, and

Warmest regards...

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:49 am

I only have the install stick for 18.2.

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Moem » Thu Jan 18, 2018 10:57 am

aniola wrote:Moem, that link looks like it's for speeding up linux mint generally. Linux mint is generally fine.
I understand, it's just that some of this may at least help alleviate the symptoms.

If you want to try 17.3 XFCE, you can download that here. https://linuxmint.com/release.php?id=26
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 11:05 am

I'm not sure how to write over the install stick?

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Moem » Thu Jan 18, 2018 11:10 am

Mm, if that is literally the only stick you have, it's better not to because it currently holds your operating system. What size is the stick?
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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by aniola » Thu Jan 18, 2018 11:17 am

i've got the install stick, which is 8g, and the installed stick, which is 16g.

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Re: speed up USB linux mint?

Post by Moem » Thu Jan 18, 2018 11:20 am

Rather limited... Read your email.
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