I give up!

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brokentroy
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Joined: Sat Aug 21, 2010 5:26 pm

I give up!

Post by brokentroy »

I've been working on SAMBA for going on six hours now. I've done so much I can't remember. My eyes are crossed. Here's the scoop

Running Mint 8 on a homebuilt pc. - wired
Running Windows 7 on a Dell E1705 - wireless

My printer is on the Mint box. I'm trying to get these two computers to talk to each other so I can print. I don't really even care about file sharing, although it would be nice. I'm at a point now where I can see both machines on both pc's. The printer is installed and shared as per these instructions http://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=42&t=28397, but I still can't see it from my Win7 box.

I followed MikeT's instructions herehttp://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=150&t=12644 with no luck. Once I did this I was not able to see my network at all. Played around with that for about two hours and reverted back to my original file. That's where I am now.

Here's my current smb.conf:

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#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which 
# are not shown in this example
#
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
#  - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
#    differs from the default Samba behaviour
#  - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
#    behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
#    enough to be mentioned here
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic 
# errors. 
# A well-established practice is to name the original file
# "smb.conf.master" and create the "real" config file with
# testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf
# This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file
# which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance
# However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested
# "include" statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case
# where using a master file is not a good idea.
#

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
   workgroup = HOME

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
   server string = %h server (Samba, LinuxMint)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
#   wins support = no

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
   dns proxy = no

# What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
# to IP addresses
;   name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
;   bind interfaces only = yes



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
   max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
#   syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
   syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
   panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
# in this server for every user accessing the server. See
# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
# in the samba-doc package for details.
#   security = user

# You may wish to use password encryption.  See the section on
# 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
   encrypt passwords = true

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.  
   passdb backend = tdbsam

   obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
   unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
   passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
   passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
   pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped 
# to anonymous connections
   map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

# Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
# must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
# change the 'domain master' setting to no
#
;   domain logons = yes
#
# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
# from the client point of view)
# The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
# samba server (see below)
;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
#   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
;   logon drive = H:
#   logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
;   logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the 
# SAMR RPC pipe.  
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script  = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

########## Printing ##########

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
#   load printers = yes

# lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
# printcap file
;   printing = bsd
;   printcap name = /etc/printcap

# CUPS printing.  See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
# cupsys-client package.
;   printing = cups
;   printcap name = cups

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
# for details
# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
#         SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
#   socket options = TCP_NODELAY

# The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
# installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
# working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
;   message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
# machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
# must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
#   domain master = auto

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
;   idmap uid = 10000-20000
;   idmap gid = 10000-20000
;   template shell = /bin/bash

# The following was the default behaviour in sarge,
# but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce
# performance issues in large organizations.
# See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*
# having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.
;   winbind enum groups = yes
;   winbind enum users = yes

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
;   usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
   usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares.  This will share each
# user's home directory as \\server\username
;[homes]
;   comment = Home Directories
;   browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
;   read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
;   create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
;   directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.  Un-comment the following parameter
# to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
;   valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   read only = yes
;   share modes = no

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
;   comment = Users profiles
;   path = /home/samba/profiles
;   guest ok = no
;   browseable = no
;   create mask = 0600
;   directory mask = 0700

[printers]
   comment = All Printers
   browseable = no
   path = /var/spool/samba
   printable = yes
   guest ok = no
   read only = yes
   create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
   comment = Printer Drivers
   path = /var/lib/samba/printers
   browseable = yes
   read only = yes
   guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
;   write list = root, @lpadmin

# A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
;[cdrom]
;   comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
;   read only = yes
;   locking = no
;   path = /cdrom
;   guest ok = yes

# The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
#	cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
#	an entry like this:
#
#       /dev/scd0   /cdrom  iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user   0 0
#
# The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
#
# If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
#	is mounted on /cdrom
#
;   preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
;   postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom
I also edited my hosts file following the directions in the smb.conf provided by MikeT at that link above:

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127.0.0.1	jackspc	localhost.localdomain	localhost
192.168.2.101   Troy

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts
I have uninstalled and re-installed Samba and its components to no avail. I also uninstalled some of the Windows Live stuff from the Win7 box. One thread suggested this. Currently, as I said, I can see my computers on my network. However, I can't browse to any files, I get prompted for a username and password which ever direction I go (Mint>Win7, Win7>Mint) and I can't see the printer in windows. I have also rebooted and restarted samba every time i made a change. I'm sure there were some other things I did but I can't remember after all this time.

Btw, when I get prompted for username and password, it never takes it. I have two accounts with the exact same credentials set up on both machines.

I have no idea what else to do. I'm sort of an intermediate user, but I haven't used Mint in a few months so I'm rusty. I could really use some help here.

Thank you!
kampman
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Posts: 7
Joined: Sun Jun 06, 2010 12:09 am

Re: I give up!

Post by kampman »

I'm not a Samba expert or anything but my printing works:

[printers]
comment = All Printers
browseable = yes
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
guest ok = yes
guest account = ftp
read only = yes
create mask = 0700

I've never tested it from a Windows client but it works for me on Linux clients over Samba. I'm not sure if anything is weird about Windows 7 but you might try booting to a Mint live CD on your client and see if it works from there so at least you have an idea if the server is working or not.

Also don't forget you have to restart Samba on the server when you change smb.conf.
phil
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Posts: 141
Joined: Sun Dec 30, 2007 12:46 pm
Location: Consejo, Belize, Central America

Re: I give up!

Post by phil »

I am not sure if this will help, but on my wired network each computer must have print drivers installed in order to print either from Windows or Linux. I am not using Samba and my printer is a network printer.
altair4
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Posts: 10535
Joined: Tue Feb 03, 2009 10:27 am

Re: I give up!

Post by altair4 »

Let's focus on the printer first. You really don't need samba to share a printer with windows but you do have to make sure it doesn't get in the way. Printing on Linux is controlled by CUPS so you need to make sure the CUPS server is set up correctly.:
[] ALLOW YOUR LINUX ATTACHED PRINTER TO BE "SHARED" AND "PUBLISHED"

The Mint Way
Step 1: Enable Sharing for that Printer.
Menu > Administration > Printing > Right Click the attached printer > Properties > Policies
Check Enabled, Accepting Jobs, and Shared

Step 2: Enable Publishing of the Shared Printer
Menu > Administration > Printing > Server > Settings > Check "Publish Shared Printers connected to this system"
If you want to use samba to "browse" to the printer location in Windows and not be prompted for credentials then make sure you meet these two conitions in Mint:

(1) Make sure nmbd is running:

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sudo service nmbd status
If it's not running start it:

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sudo service nmbd start
(2) If you don't want a credentials prompt then allow guest access by adding the following line to the [printers] section of smb.conf:

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guest ok = Yes
The final section should look like this:
[printers]
comment = All Printers
browseable = No
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0700
When you done making the change restart samba:

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sudo service smbd restart
A note on the "browseable = No" parameter. It's somewhat unintuitive but you need to have that set as No. Actually it doesn't matter how you set it. If you set it as yes samba will ignore it anyway. The "browseable" refers to the [printers] share itself and not the printers it's referencing. Like I said it's not very intuitive.

But you don't have to go through samba. When you use the printer wizard in Windows ( this is based on WinXP BTW ):
Start > Control Panel > Printers and Faxes > Add Printer > The Add Printer Wizard opens

Check "A network printer, or a printer attached to another computer"

Check "Connect to a printer on the internet or on a home or office network"

You can either browse for it or enter it directly. Examples:

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 URL: \\WORKGROUP_NAME\MACHINE_NAME\Mint_Printer_Name
    URL: \\MACHINE_NAME\Mint_Printer_Name
    URL: \\192.168.0.100\Mint_Printer_Name
If everything else about you network is set up then accessing it directly by machine name will work otherwise using the ip address is the better way.

As for your shared folders - you don't have any. At least you don't have any in smb.conf. You could be using Nautilus to share your folders so you might want to post the output of the following command:

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net usershare info
Please add a [SOLVED] at the end of your original subject header if your question has been answered and solved.
phil
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Posts: 141
Joined: Sun Dec 30, 2007 12:46 pm
Location: Consejo, Belize, Central America

Re: I give up!

Post by phil »

I forgot to mention that i use a fixed ip address for my printer and DHCP for my computers.
brokentroy
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Posts: 9
Joined: Sat Aug 21, 2010 5:26 pm

Re: I give up!

Post by brokentroy »

Thanks. I haven't had a chance to try this yet, but I will tonight and let you know what happens. Thanks again.

Troy
brokentroy
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Posts: 9
Joined: Sat Aug 21, 2010 5:26 pm

Re: I give up!

Post by brokentroy »

Printing works now! Thanks so much.

Still can't share files though. From Linux to 7 asks for password. From 7 to Linux just doesn't see shared folder.

got no output from "net usershare info". Is there something else I need to do. I right clicked on the home/pictures and shared it using the sharing options there. do I need to do something else. And how to I get my 7 box to stop prompting me for a password.

Printing was the most important thing. I can live without sharing files. It would be nice though.

Thanks again for the help. I really appreciate it.

Troy
altair4
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Posts: 10535
Joined: Tue Feb 03, 2009 10:27 am

Re: I give up!

Post by altair4 »

Let's focus on the Mint shares because Win7 represents several layers of obstructions:
Windows Live Sign-In Assistant - which needs to be uninstalled until a Samba patch is available.
Firewall
Even some Anti-Virus applications will get in the way.
got no output from "net usershare info". Is there something else I need to do. I right clicked on the home/pictures and shared it using the sharing options there. do I need to do something else. And how to I get my 7 box to stop prompting me for a password.
I assume you mean /home/user_name/Pictures.
You should have gotten the following output from net usershare info:
[pictures]
path=/home/user_name/Pictures
comment=
usershare_acl=Everyone:F,
guest_ok=n
Did you receive any error messages when you created the share?

Does the following command list the share definition files:

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ls -al /var/lib/samba/usershares
Does the following command from the Mint box produce any errors:
EDIT: I guess it would produce errors for the Win7 machime but I'm more interested if it shows you or gives you errors for the Mint box.

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smbtree
Please add a [SOLVED] at the end of your original subject header if your question has been answered and solved.
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