Can not boot! initramfs error!

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Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by raxial »


I have Linux Mint Cinnamon 17 installed and it's been fine for ages, but when I tried booting up today it just isn't having it. I get this:

BusyBox v1.17.1 (Ubuntu 1:1.17.1-10ubuntu1) built-in shell (ash)
Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands


I got to Grub and tried the Recover option, in fact all the options shown, but everything leads back to the above.

I Googled to try and learn what I can do about it, but to be honest, I'm such I noob I don't understand the responses! Though I have attempted to boot from a CD and from USB. Neither worked, but the USB drive didn't even show as an option in BIOS.

Can anyone please help and explain in the simplest terms possible, please?

Thanks :)
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by karlchen »

Hello, raxial.

When you see the Busybox message and prompt, the damage has already been done. :(
What would be helpful in diagnosing why you end up in the busybox would be the lines which will be displayed before you are thrown into the Busybox.
Now normally the Linux Mint splash screen hides away all startup text messages. Plus the boot option "quiet" makes sure most messages will be suppressed anyway.
So what needs to be done is this:
  • Switch on the machine.
  • Keep the shift key pressed till you see the Grub boot menu.
  • On the first menu item, which will be "Linux Mint 17", press the letter "e" for edit.
  • This will take you to a screen that displays all the commands which are behind the menu item.
  • Use the cursor keys to navigate up and down, left and right. Navigate to the line that start with "linux /boot/vmlinuz-..."
    Among other things it will hold the words "splash" and "quiet" (both without the double quotes).
    Remove both words from the line.
    Do not press the <enter> key. It would insert a linebreak, which we do not want.
  • Instead press the function key <F10> to boot now.
  • A lot of boot messages should scroll up through the screen.
    At a certain point in time the Busybox message will appear again.
    The text lines above the Busybox message will hopefully hold useful pieces of information explaining why booting fails and drops to the Busybox.
    Either carefully write down as many messages as you can and post them here.
    Or if you are good at taking excellent photographs of your monitor take a photo of the screen and post it here.
Linux Mint 19.3 64-bit Cinnamon, Total Commander 9.51 64-bit
Haß gleicht einer Krankheit, dem Miserere, wo man vorne herausgibt, was eigentlich hinten wegsollte. (Goethe)
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by raxial »

Hi Karl,

Thanks so much for your help. I did as you suggested and have taken a photo, hoping it's clear enough to read what might be going on?
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Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by BlackVeils »

for those that are helping, I squinted and saw:


**** is waiting for root device. common problems:
- boot args (cat /proc/cmdline)
- check rootdelays (did the system wait long enough?)
- check root (did the system wait for the right device?)
- missing modules (cat /proc/modules: ls /dev)
ALERT /dev/mapper/mint --**-root does not exist. dropping to root shell

asterisks mean I could not read - maybe vg

the first asterisks looks like "Gave" but that doesn't make sense.

--- Sent from my Moto G using Tapatalk ---
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by myk »

Busybox v1.22.1 (Ubuntu 1:1.22.0-15ubuntu1) built in shell (ash)
Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands.

(initramfs) _


1. Restart ----> Grub Menu ----> Use arrow down key ------> *Advance Option for Linux Mint.
2. choose 2nd line --------> Linux mint .......... (upstream)
3. help (check exec fsck is asking or not)
4. Exit (check partition_name for fsck)
5. Fsck /dev/partition _name (Exa: /dev/sda1)
6. And enter Yes(y) to all errors
7. reboot

Enjoy :D
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by Mute Ant »

Hmmm. The mists are clearing... I can see...
"Gave up waiting for root device"
"/dev/mapper/mint--vg-root does not exist..."

Linux+Busybox is trying to access a LVM installation and can't find the OS root volume. Do you need to type a passphrase to get this far into the boot (LVM-on-LUKS) or does it usually breeze through to a graphic login screen?
While you're waiting, read the free novel we sent you. It's a Spanish story about a guy named "manual".
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by WharfRat »

You can run fsck from initramfs with fsck -fvy /dev/sda7 /dev/mapper/mint--vg-root :wink:
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by olisteadman »

For me the first command `help` gives a horrible series of 20 or so error messages and then freezes the machine so my only way forward is holding in the power button until it dies: ... .25.21.jpg
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Re: Can not boot! initramfs error!

Post by tito bandito »

for an unknown reason upon rebooting mint 19.3 i received the same error message
i found this in a google search: ... t-at-boot/

this solved the problem

1. type exit at the initramfs prompt
2. note the complete path to your root file system
3. type fsck /complete path to your file system -y
4. when it is finished type reboot
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