Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

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since2019
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Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by since2019 » Fri Sep 13, 2019 5:59 pm

Hello,
i have a 2007 Toshiba Satellite A135-S4527 hardware and i've installed the 19.1 linux mint and then upgraded to 19.2 tina. Later is going to be the 19.3. The the integrated GPU is the Intel GMA950 with the integrated Intel 945 Chipset. Command results are:

$ inxi -G
Graphics: Device-1: Intel Mobile 945GM/GMS 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics driver: i915
v: kernel
Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.19.6 driver: intel unloaded: fbdev,modesetting,vesa
resolution: 1366x768~60Hz
OpenGL: renderer: llvmpipe (LLVM 8.0 128 bits) v: 3.3 Mesa 19.0.8

I got a slow and flickery video, looks like is not the appropiate "driver", seems like is the i915 instead. Im not really sure.
what to do? (pd: i already look for topics of the 945gm in the forum and not found the solution fix)
wich commands to solve it?
Last edited by since2019 on Fri Sep 13, 2019 8:31 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Pjotr
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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by Pjotr » Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:17 pm

Please generate an overview of your system like this:
- Launch a terminal window (this is how to launch a terminal window);
- make the terminal window full screen, to avoid chopped lines;
- Copy/paste this command into the terminal:

Code: Select all

inxi -Fxz
(if you type: the letter F is a capital letter)

Press Enter.

Copy/paste the output in your next message.
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since2019
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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by since2019 » Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:20 pm

$ inxi -Fxz
System: Host: Satellite-A135 Kernel: 4.15.0-62-generic i686 bits: 32 compiler: gcc v: 7.4.0 Desktop: Cinnamon 4.2.4
Distro: Linux Mint 19.2 Tina base: Ubuntu 18.04 bionic
Machine: Type: Laptop System: TOSHIBA product: Satellite A135 v: PSAD0U-05400P serial: <filter>
Mobo: TOSHIBA model: IAKAA v: 1.00 serial: <filter> BIOS: TOSHIBA v: 1.90 date: 01/12/2009
Battery: ID-1: BAT1 charge: 59.2 Wh condition: 59.2/59.2 Wh (100%) model: TOSHIBA PA3465U status: Unknown
CPU: Topology: Dual Core model: Intel T2080 bits: 32 type: MCP arch: M Yonah rev: C L2 cache: 1024 KiB
flags: nx pae sse sse2 sse3 bogomips: 6915
Speed: 1729 MHz min/max: 800/1733 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1729 2: 1729
Graphics: Device-1: Intel Mobile 945GM/GMS 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics vendor: Toshiba America Info Systems
driver: i915 v: kernel bus ID: 00:02.0
Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.19.6 driver: intel unloaded: fbdev,modesetting,vesa resolution: 1366x768~60Hz
OpenGL: renderer: llvmpipe (LLVM 8.0 128 bits) v: 3.3 Mesa 19.0.8 direct render: Yes
Audio: Device-1: Intel NM10/ICH7 Family High Definition Audio vendor: Toshiba America Info Systems driver: snd_hda_intel
v: kernel bus ID: 00:1b.0
Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.15.0-62-generic
Network: Device-1: Qualcomm Atheros AR242x / AR542x Wireless Network Adapter vendor: Askey WLL3140 802.11bg driver: ath5k
v: kernel port: 18c0 bus ID: 04:00.0
IF: wlp4s0 state: up mac: <filter>
Device-2: Realtek RTL810xE PCI Express Fast Ethernet vendor: Toshiba America Info Systems driver: r8169
v: 2.3LK-NAPI port: 4000 bus ID: 05:00.0
IF: enp5s0 state: down mac: <filter>
Drives: Local Storage: total: 111.79 GiB used: 29.92 GiB (26.8%)
ID-1: /dev/sda vendor: Hitachi model: HTS541612J9SA00 size: 111.79 GiB
Partition: ID-1: / size: 58.42 GiB used: 10.79 GiB (18.5%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda2
ID-2: /home size: 47.36 GiB used: 19.11 GiB (40.3%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda3
ID-3: swap-1 size: 3.81 GiB used: 26.0 MiB (0.7%) fs: swap dev: /dev/sda5
Sensors: System Temperatures: cpu: 63.0 C mobo: N/A
Fan Speeds (RPM): N/A
Info: Processes: 178 Uptime: 1h 12m Memory: 1.89 GiB used: 898.0 MiB (46.3%) Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Compilers:
gcc: 7.4.0 Shell: bash v: 4.4.20 inxi: 3.0.32

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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by Pjotr » Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:21 pm

Old machine, weak graphics. Disable all visual effects in Cinnamon:
https://easylinuxtipsproject.blogspot.c ... html#ID5.1
(item 5.1)

And apply some more of the safe speed tweaks mentioned on that web page as well.
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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by since2019 » Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:31 pm

In the page of ISO download, in every version Linux Mint available, can be possible to make at least the minimum and the optimal hardware requirements specifications?.

I know is a very old 32-bit computer that i still use. But, linux apparently make old almost dead computers alive according to some linux publishers.
Of course, there are not automatic disabling of visual features in case of an old hardware at install, maybe developers can do that some day as a good and necessary feature on mint and other linux distributions.

Steps on install: Checking hardware capabilities..... activating or deactivating some features.... done.
Last edited by since2019 on Fri Sep 13, 2019 9:07 pm, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by Pjotr » Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:39 pm

since2019 wrote:
Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:31 pm
I know is a very old 32-bit computer that i still use. But, linux apparently make old almost dead computers alive according to some linux publishers.
Well, not the flagship of Linux Mint, which has by default a lot of "bells and whistles". :wink:

The lightweight Xfce edition of Linux Mint would have been a better choice for your old machine. And even in that Xfce edition you'd need to disable some relatively heavy visual "bling-bling".

Anyway, I advise to try what my speed tweaks can do for you. If not enough, consider a clean installation of that Xfce edition of Mint. In any case: there's no better driver available for your video chipset....

Final thought: in the BIOS settings, maximize the amount of RAM available for the video chipset.
Tip: 10 things to do after installing Linux Mint 19.2 Tina
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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by since2019 » Fri Sep 13, 2019 6:46 pm

Toshiba OEM limited BIOS doesn't have an option of video memory, only have a few other options.
Still there are not option yet to choose GUI or desktop environment on Linux Mint install.
Is there a way to change the amount of video memory on Linux Mint?

Was my error thinking that this version was able to work properly with this old laptop hardware. I know that Xfce is the lightweight version but i have some difficult or challenging problems and perhaps you can help me with that.

First the disc drive (DVDRW) is not working at all, it broke.
Second the USB start up is not available on the BIOS (with the latest firmware upgrade installed)

I know i can download the Xfce version of mint and then create some ISO USB installer with software like "UNetbootin".

I don't know if the grub menu or the menu of mint can be done something to appears something like:

Select your boot:
Linux mint 19.2 kernel version boot
USB BOOT

Without an USB boot option there is not option to install the Xfce Linux Mint version :o

Please, help is the only computer i have, is not a project or hobby, i need this my computer laptop working properly and i'm sorry for my bad english.

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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by Pjotr » Sat Sep 14, 2019 4:01 am

In that case you can simply continue to use your current Cinnamon edition, and apply all speed tweaks mentioned here:
https://easylinuxtipsproject.blogspot.c ... -mint.html

Even with Cinnamon, you should get an acceptable performance that way. :)
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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by smurphos » Sat Sep 14, 2019 5:49 am

Code: Select all

OpenGL: renderer: llvmpipe (LLVM 8.0 128 bits)
You are running Cinnamon in software rendering mode. Log out, and on the log in screen click the little Cinnamon icon next to your user name and ensure you are logging in the the Cinnamon (default) session.

That may well still be pretty sluggish on your hardware.

If you want to try XFCE without reinstalling you can. Many folk on here advise against installing multiple Desktop Environments. But it's not caused me a significant headaches.

First make a timeshift snapshot for easier rollback should anything go wrong.

Then in a terminal

Code: Select all

apt install mint-meta-xfce
Then log out, on the login screen click the Cinnamon icon - you'll now have XFCE as another choice.
For custom Nemo actions, useful scripts for the Cinnamon desktop, and Cinnamox themes visit my Github pages.

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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by since2019 » Sun Sep 15, 2019 12:50 am

WOW!, first i was disappointed of Linux about the "poor video quality" or the "drivers real support" and of course the correct word was Sluggish or in another words: choppy playback.
I logged out and then i selected the Default Cinnamon and logged in back again.
Simply, now i feel the real Linux Mint, is amazing, beautiful, incredible, impressive, decent, pretty. It is lovely.
Wow man, thank you, now i see the beauty of that operating system. Is a new experience.

The video play in the browser now looks smoothly, normal. You are a genius.
But while browsing, scrolling browser pages looks with flicks.
Why the software rendering option?.

update: now, only when i go to full screen becomes sluggish.
Last edited by since2019 on Sat Sep 21, 2019 6:09 pm, edited 7 times in total.

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Re: Problems with Intel 945gm graphics on toshiba satellite

Post by smurphos » Sun Sep 15, 2019 1:23 am

since2019 wrote:
Sun Sep 15, 2019 12:50 am
Why there is an option of Software rendering login?

Later i'm going to decide if i'm going to change it to Xfce with that command line, sounds like is dangerous to do it. I don't want the system to crash and then without an disc drive and no BIOS USB boot up option, how to recover in case of disaster. Pressing letter c on Linux Mint boot and then recover?
The Software Rendering session is there for troubleshooting purposes - i.e. if because of graphic driver issues you can't boot into the default session at all.

In terms of recovery if you can't boot a live session from USB your options are limited if you ever get to a point where the machine can't be booted. Are you sure you can't boot from USB (try pressing F12 at the OEM splash screen). I've got a similar vintage Toshiba Satellite A-100 that boots from USB just fine.
For custom Nemo actions, useful scripts for the Cinnamon desktop, and Cinnamox themes visit my Github pages.

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